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Several common variants in the intron 1 of FTO (fat mass and associated obesity) gene have been reliably associated with BMI and obesity in European populations. We analyzed two variants (rs9939609 and rs8050136) in 4,189 Chinese Han individuals and conducted a meta-analysis of published studies in Asian population to investigate whether these variants are(More)
Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of ADIPOQ, ADIPOR1, and ADIPOR2 have been associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), but there are many conflicting results especially in Chinese populations. To investigate the contribution of the adiponectin genes and their receptors to T2DM, a case-control study was performed and 11 SNPs of ADIPOQ, ADIPOR1,(More)
Late-onset Alzheimer Disease (LOAD) is a common neurodegenerative disease, and one of its major pathologic characteristics is senile plaques. Proteins encoded by SORL1 and ACE have been shown to be related to the processing, trafficking, and degradation of Amyloid-β, the principal component of senile plaques. In this paper, we investigated whether SORL1 and(More)
Schizophrenia is a relatively common psychiatric syndrome that affects virtually all brain functions. We investigated the plasma proteome of 22 schizophrenia male patients and 20 healthy male controls using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry. In total, we have identified 66 protein spots in human plasma and found that seven of them(More)
Both particulate matter (PM) and black carbon (BC) impact climate change and human health. Uncertainties in emission inventories of PM and BC are partially due to large variation of measured emission factors (EFs) and lack of EFs from developing countries. Although there is a debate whether thermal-optically measured elemental carbon (EC) may be referred to(More)
AIMS Nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) plays a critical role in cell growth and inflammation during the progression of cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. Several members of nuclear receptor superfamily, including liver X receptors (LXRalpha and LXRbeta), have been shown to suppress inflammatory responses, but little is known about their effects in(More)
Results of gene expression microarray and quantitative PCR studies have suggested abnormalities in the expression of myelin-related genes including myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) in schizophrenic patients. Research provides strong evidence for oligodendrocyte dysfunction in schizophrenics. In order to further assess the role of MAG in schizophrenia,(More)
Fluorescent quantum dots (QDs) have great potential for in vivo biomedical imaging and diagnostic applications. However, these nanoparticles are composed of heavy metals and are very small in diameter, and their possible toxicity must therefore be considered. As yet, no studies have reported the transfer of QDs between mother and fetus. The transfer of(More)
Schizophrenia is a debilitating mental disorder. The TP53 tumor suppressor gene, encoding a phosphoprotein, is a key element in maintaining genomic stability and cell apoptosis. Recently, reduced risk of cancer in patients of schizophrenia has been reported. Some evidence also suggests the possible implication of TP53 in neurodevelopment. In order to(More)
Alteration in transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) signaling pathway is one of the main causes of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). The human runt-related transcription factor 3 (RUNX3), an important component of TGF-beta pathway which is located at 1p36, is commonly deleted in a variety of human cancers, including ESCC. Hypermethylation of(More)