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—In this paper, we employ Probabilistic Neural Network (PNN) with image and data processing techniques to implement a general purpose automated leaf recognition. Twelve leaf features are extracted and orthogonalized into 5 principal variables which consist the input vector of the PNN. The PNN is trained by 1800 leaves to classify 32 kinds of plants with an(More)
We herein describe the first synthesis of iminosugar C-glycosides of α-D-GlcNAc-1-phosphate in 10 steps starting from unprotected D-GlcNAc. A diastereoselective intramolecular iodoamination-cyclization as the key step was employed to construct the central piperidine ring of the iminosugar and the C-glycosidic structure of α-D-GlcNAc. Finally, the iminosugar(More)
Systematic structural modifications of the muramic acid, peptide, and nucleotide moieties of Park's nucleotide were performed to investigate the substrate specificity of B. subtilis MraY (MraYBS). It was found that the simplest analogue of Park's nucleotide only bearing the first two amino acids, l-alanine-iso-d-glutamic acid, could function as a MraYBS(More)
— A good time-frequency (TF) analysis method should have the advantages of high clarity and no cross term. However, there is always a trade-off between the two goals. In this paper, we propose a new TF analysis method, which is called the generalized polynomial Wigner spectrogram (GPWS). It combines the generalized spectrogram (GS) and the polynomial(More)