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Volume overload is a predictor of mortality in dialysis patients. However, the fluid status of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) but not yet on dialysis has not been accurately characterized. We used the Body Composition Monitor, a multifrequency bioimpedance device, to measure the level of overhydration in CKD patients, focusing on the association(More)
ABT-869 is a structurally novel, receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) inhibitor that is a potent inhibitor of members of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor families (e.g., KDR IC50 = 4 nmol/L) but has much less activity (IC50s > 1 micromol/L) against unrelated RTKs, soluble tyrosine kinases, or(More)
Mutations in the Cx26 (GJB2) gene have been shown to be responsible for a major part of autosomal recessive non-syndromic inherited prelingual deafness. We have sequenced the coding region of GJB2 gene from 169 Taiwanese patients with prelingual deafness and 100 unrelated normal individuals. In the deaf patients, three mutations were found: two novel(More)
Ras mutation has been detected in approximately 20-30% of all human carcinomas, primarily in pancreatic, colorectal, lung and bladder carcinomas. The indirect inhibition of Ras activity by inhibiting farnesyltransferase (FTase) function is one therapeutic intervention to control tumor growth. Here we report the preclinical anti-tumor activity of our most(More)
This laboratory and others have shown that agents that inhibit the in vitro catalytic activity of methionine aminopeptidase-2 (MetAP2) are effective in blocking angiogenesis and tumor growth in preclinical models. However, these prototype MetAP2 inhibitors are clearly not optimized for therapeutic use in the clinic. We have discovered an orally active class(More)
Peptides belonging to the CHH/MIH/GIH-family of crustacean hormones were isolated from acetic acid extracts of sinus glands isolated from eyestalks of the shrimp, Penaeus vannamei. The peptides were isolated by chromatography and molecular weights determined by MALDI mass spectrometry. Peptides in the range of 7-9 kDa and containing three disulfide bridges(More)
The heptapeptide 1, NAc-Gly-Val-DIle-Thr-Arg-Ile-ArgNHEt, a structurally modified fragment derived from the second type-1 repeat of thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1), is known to possess antiangiogenic activity. However, therapeutic utility could not be demonstrated because this peptide has a very short half-life in rodents. To optimize the PD/PK profile of 1, we(More)
PURPOSE ABT-888, currently in phase 2 trials, is a potent oral poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor that enhances the activity of multiple DNA-damaging agents, including temozolomide (TMZ). We investigated ABT-888+TMZ combination therapy in multiple xenograft models representing various human tumors having different responses to TMZ. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN(More)
According to the multiple alignment of various dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenases (E3s) sequences, three human mutant E3s of the conserved residues in the center domain, N286D, N286Q, and D320N were created, over-expressed and purified. We characterized these mutants to investigate the reaction mechanism of human dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenases. The specific(More)
Human dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (hE3) is a common component of alpha-ketoacid dehydrogenase complexes. Mutations of this homodimeric protein cause E3 deficiency and are always fatal. To investigate its reaction mechanism, we first performed multiple sequence alignment with other 17 eukaryotic E3s. According to hE3 structure and the result of multiple(More)