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BACKGROUND The treatment options of breast conservation therapy (BCT) and immediate reconstruction for patients with carcinoma of the breast have not been adopted widely. The objectives of this study were to determine how often a second opinion on the local therapy of breast carcinoma changed patient management and to identify factors predictive of(More)
PURPOSE Adverse events in chemotherapy clinical trials are assessed and reported by clinicians, yet clinician accuracy in assessing symptoms has been questioned. We compared patient reporting of eight symptoms using a validated instrument, the European Organization for the Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality-of-Life Questionnaire C30 (QLQ-C30 or QLQ)(More)
BACKGROUND The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommends exposure limits for tanning bed use. Tanning patrons may not be following these recommendations and may be overexposed to damaging ultraviolet radiation (UV). OBJECTIVE This study was conducted to assess tanning patrons' adherence to FDA-recommended exposure limits and to measure the amount(More)
PURPOSE Prostate cancer screening allows early cancer detection but not all patients benefit from subsequent therapy. Thus, identifying patients who are likely to harbor aggressive cancer could significantly decrease the number of prostate biopsies performed. MATERIALS AND METHODS Data were collected on 1,563 consecutive referred men with serum PSA 10(More)
BACKGROUND In the absence of medical contraindications, survival after undergoing breast-conserving therapy (BCT), mastectomy (M), and mastectomy with immediate reconstruction (MIR) is equal. The authors studied demographic factors to identify the variables that differed significantly among women making different surgical choices. METHODS Women with(More)
SARS-CoV M gene fragment was cloned and expressed as a recombinant protein fused with a V5 tag at the C-terminus in Vero E6 cells. In addition to un-glycosylated and glycosylated proteins, one product with smaller size initiated in-frame from the third Met residues probably through ribosomal re-initiation was also detected. Translation initiated in-frame(More)
PURPOSE Erectile dysfunction (ED) persists for years following curative therapies for clinically localized prostate cancer. We report use and treatment outcomes in a 5-year interval in a population based cohort from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Prostate Cancer Outcomes Study. MATERIALS AND METHODS A sample of 1,977 men with localized(More)
Production of hepatitis C virus (HCV) core protein requires the cleavages of polyprotein by signal peptidase and signal peptide peptidase (SPP). Cleavage of signal peptide at the C-terminus of HCV core protein by SPP was characterized in this study. The spko mutant (mutate a.a. 189-193 from ASAYQ to PPFPF) is more efficient than the A/F mutant (mutate a.a(More)
Severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV) structural proteins (S, E, M, and NC) localize in different subcellular positions when expressed individually. However, SARS-CoV M protein is co-localized almost entirely with S, E, or NC protein when co-expressed in the cells. On the other hand, only partial co-localization was observed(More)