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AIMS We randomly sampled a community-based, healthy population to evaluate the prevalence and correlation of urinary incontinence and overactive bladder. We also assessed the influences of these conditions on quality of life and associated risk factors. METHODS Of the 1,581 women sampled (2.92% of registered female residents aged 20 years and older),(More)
Diabetes mellitus has been recognized since antiquity. It currently affects as many as 285 million people worldwide and results in heavy personal and national economic burdens. Considerable progress has been made in orthodox antidiabetic drugs. However, new remedies are still in great demand because of the limited efficacy and undesirable side effects of(More)
Anal incontinence and constipation are not only physically and psychologically disabling symptoms but also a significant social and public health problem. The epidemiology of anal incontinence and constipation from community-bases remains largely unknown, especially in Asian women. This study is a continuation of a previous survey taken on the epidemiology(More)
AIM Sitagliptin, an oral glucose-lowering agent, has been found to produce cardiovascular protection possibly via anti-inflammatory and anti-atherosclerotic activities of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1). The aim of this study was to investigate whether sitagliptin protected the kidney function from acute ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury in rats. (More)
BACKGROUND Morus alba has long been used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat inflammatory diseases; however, the scientific basis for such usage and the mechanism of action are not well understood. This study investigated the action of M. alba on leukocyte migration, one key step in inflammation. METHODS Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)(More)
Previously, we have shown that bortezomib overcame TRAIL resistance in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells via the inhibition of Akt. Here, we report that bortezomib sensitizes these TRAIL-resistant cells, including Huh-7, Hep3B, and Sk-Hep1, to CS-1008, a humanized agonistic antihuman death receptor 5 antibody. Cancerous inhibitor of protein phosphatase(More)
We describe here the characterization of five isolates of Mycobacterium simiae-like organisms representing a novel group based on whole-cell fatty acid analysis and genotypic evaluation. Two of the five isolates in this study, W55 and W58, were previously considered to belong to M. simiae serotype 2. Analysis of cellular fatty acids by gas-liquid(More)
Peritoneal dissemination of tumor has high mortality and is associated with the loss of epithelial features, acquisition of motile mesenchymal morphology characteristics, and invasive properties by tumor cells. Melatonin is an endogenously produced molecule in all plant species that is known to exert antitumor activity, but to date, its underlying(More)