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BACKGROUND A complex ventral hernia repair (CVHR) involves a compromised surgical field where gastrointestinal, biliary, and genitourinary procedures are performed. Complex ventral hernia is a significant problem in trauma, emergency, and elective general surgery in which prosthetic material is contraindicated. In this clinical scenario, primary fascia(More)
OBJECTIVES Lycopene is a carotene and phytochemical known to protect against metabolic diseases. It is found in red fruits and vegetables, predominantly tomatoes. This study aimed to show the supplementation effect of tomato juice on indices associated with metabolic health and adipokine profiles in generally healthy people. METHODS A total of 30 young(More)
FIGURE 1. A, Endoscopic image of tracheal puncture. B, Endoscopic image o C, Endoscopic image of posterior costophrenic angle. D, Endoscopic image of From the Laboratory Animal Center, Department of Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, and the School of Medicine Chang Gung University, Taiwan, China. Supported by the Chang-Gung Memorial Hospital, Taiwan,(More)
In this study, experiments were designed to determine if peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) alpha agonists could decrease myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury after cardioplegia-induced cardiac arrest under cardiopulmonary bypass, attenuate the appearance of cardiomyocytic apoptosis, and decrease the damage of reactive oxygen species.(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) prevents the myocardial apoptosis and dysfunction resulting from cardioplegia-induced cardiac arrest (CCA) under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Inasmuch as CCA-induced myocardial dysfunction is associated with acute ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) and inflammatory response, which activates nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) translocation, we(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS To determine whether stent-to-vocal fold distance influences morbidity following stent placement for tracheal stenosis. METHODS Fifty-five stent procedures (46 Montgomery T-tube [Boston Medical Products, Westborough, MA] and 9 Dumon stents [Novatech, Grasse, France]) were performed in 40 patients enrolled in this study. RESULTS The(More)
Cardiomyocytic apoptosis occurs after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) despite the use of perfusion techniques and cardioplegic solutions. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) cause single-strand DNA breaks and activate nuclear poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), which leads to cellular damage. Therefore, the inhibition of PARP might protect cardiomyocytes from(More)
Successful natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) procedures have been reported in animal studies. However, very little is known about the optimal approach for the application of these surgeries in the thoracic cavity. This study presents the feasibility of transtracheal evaluation of pleural cavity in a canine model using the NOTES(More)
Since its introduction in 2004, natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) has attracted the interest of many clinicians and researchers and demonstrated technical feasibility and efficacy when used in various types of intra-abdominal operations, including transgastric liver biopsy, cholecystectomy, tubal ligation, and peritoneoscopy. Although(More)
BACKGROUND To compare (18)F-fluoro-2-deoxdeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) related parameters of primary colon or sigmoid cancer (CSC) with pathological findings. METHODS Seventy-seven CSC patients who have undergone preoperative PET computed tomograms (PET/CT) are included in this study. Maximum PET-based tumor length (TL) and tumor(More)