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Neural crest cells are multipotential stem cells that contribute extensively to vertebrate development and give rise to various cell and tissue types. Determination of the fate of mammalian neural crest has been inhibited by the lack of appropriate markers. Here, we make use of a two-component genetic system for indelibly marking the progeny of the cranial(More)
Members of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily have emerged as critical regulators for cell growth and differentiation. Whereas the different TGF-beta subtypes are equipotent in the majority of biological assays using cell lines cultured in vitro, there are indications that in more complex systems involving epithelial-mesenchymal(More)
Gingivae represent a unique soft tissue that serves as a biological barrier to cover the oral cavity side of the maxilla and mandible. Recently, the gingivae were identified as containing mesenchymal stem cells (GMSCs). However, it is unknown whether the GMSCs are derived from cranial neural crest cells (CNCC) or the mesoderm. In this study, we show that(More)
In this paper, a novel image fusion algorithm based on orientation information measure and lifting stationary wavelet transform (LSWT) is proposed, aiming at solving the fusion problem of multifocus images. In order to select the coefficients of the fused image properly, the selection principles for different subbands are discussed, respectively. For(More)
The fusion of the mandibular prominences along the midline is achieved with the absence of medial epithelial cells at the fusion site. Failure of fusion of the mandibular prominences results in median cleft of the lower lip and mandible. Cellular and molecular events controlling mandibular fusion were examined during the fusion process in mouse(More)
Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta signalling plays important roles in regulating lung development. However, the specific regulatory functions of TGF-beta signalling in developing lung epithelial versus mesenchymal cells are still unknown. By immunostaining, the expression pattern of the TGF-beta type II receptor (TbetaRII) was first determined in the(More)
The interaction between epithelial and mesenchymal tissues plays a critical role in the development of organs such as teeth, lungs, and hair. During tooth development, fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signaling is critical for regulating reciprocal epithelial and mesenchymal interactions. FGF signaling requires FGF ligands and their receptors (FGFRs). In this(More)
In this report, the genomic DNA was examined from two siblings with gonadal LH resistance. A 46,XY pseudohermaphrodite presented with female external genitalia and his 46,XX sister exhibited menstrual irregularities (oligoamenorrhea) and infertility. Exons 1-11 of the LH receptor (LHR) gene were amplified by the PCR using different sets of intronic primers(More)