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Presence of ectopic lipid droplets (LDs) in cardiac muscle is associated to lipotoxicity and tissue dysfunction. However, presence of LDs in heart is also observed in physiological conditions, such as when cellular energy needs and energy production from mitochondria fatty acid β-oxidation are high (fasting). This suggests that development of tissue(More)
Dicer is an enzyme that generates microRNA (miRNA), which are small, noncoding RNA that function as important regulators of gene and protein expression. For exploration of the functional roles of miRNA in glomerular biology, Dicer was inactivated selectively in mouse podocytes. Mutant mice developed proteinuria 4 to 5 weeks after birth and died several(More)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a fatal X-linked degenerative muscle disease caused by the absence of the microtubule-associated protein dystrophin, which results in a disorganized and denser microtubule cytoskeleton. In addition, mechanotransduction-dependent activation of calcium (Ca(2+)) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) signaling underpins muscle(More)
Chromatin compactness has been considered a major determinant of gene activity and has been associated with specific chromatin modifications in studies on a few individual genetic loci. At the same time, genome-wide patterns of open and closed chromatin have been understudied, and are at present largely predicted from chromatin modification and gene(More)
PURPOSE Prostate cancer is an androgen sensitive disease. Cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) oxidatively deactivates testosterone by converting it to biologically less active metabolites. Previous studies suggest that a germline genetic variant in the 5' regulatory region of the gene may interfere with deactivation and increase the risk of clinically advanced(More)
XML is rapidly emerging on the World Wide Web as a standard for representing and exchanging data. It is critical to have efficient mechanisms to store and query XML documents to exploit the full power of this new technology. While one approach is to develop native XML repositories that support XML data models and query languages directly, the other approach(More)
Throughout infection, pathogenic bacteria induce dramatic changes in host transcriptional repertoires. An understanding of how bacterial factors influence host reprogramming will provide insight into disease pathogenesis. In the human respiratory pathogen Bordetella pertussis, the causative agent of whooping cough, pertussis toxin (PT) is a key virulence(More)
XML has emerged as the standard for representing and exchanging data on the World Wide Web. It is critical to have efficient mechanisms to store and query XML data to exploit the full power of this new technology. Several researchers have proposed to use relational databases to store and query XML data. While several algorithms of schema mapping and query(More)
Hepatic gluconeogenesis is crucial to maintain normal blood glucose during periods of nutrient deprivation. Gluconeogenesis is controlled at multiple levels by a variety of signal transduction and transcriptional pathways. However, dysregulation of these pathways leads to hyperglycemia and type 2 diabetes. While the effects of various signaling pathways on(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Diabetes-associated myocardial dysfunction results in altered gene expression in the heart. We aimed to investigate the changes in gene expression profiles accompanying diabetes-induced cardiomyopathy and its phenotypic rescue by restoration of SERCA2a expression. METHODS/RESULTS Using the Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty rat model of type(More)