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China faces a big challenge of environmental deterioration amid its rapid economic development. To comprehensively identify the contamination characteristics of heavy metals in Chinese soils on a national scale, data set of the first national soil pollution survey was employed to evaluate the pollution levels using several pollution indicators (pollution(More)
As part of our efforts to identify effective ways and means to keep source water safe, the concept of risk assessment and management is introduced in this paper to address the issue of risk assessment and management of arsenic in source water in China. Carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risk are calculated for different concentrations of arsenic in source(More)
Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) is one of the most important and widely used parameters for characterizing the organic pollution of water and wastewater. In this paper, a novel reactor-type biosensor for rapid measurement of BOD was developed, based on using immobilized microbial cell (IMC) beads as recognition bio-element in a completely mixed reactor(More)
Batch experiments were performed for the aerobic co-metabolism of 1,1-dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) by Achromobacter sp., identified by gene sequencing of 16S rRNA and grown on benzene. Kinetic models were employed to simulate the co-metabolic degradation of 1,1-DCE, and relevant parameters were obtained by non-linear least squares regression. Benzene at 90 mg(More)
Over the past few decades, numerous concerns have been raised in China over the issue of environmental sustainability. Various soil survey and monitoring programs have been carried out in China to study soil quality, and to provide a scientific basis for environment policy making. This paper provides an overview of past and current soil quality surveys and(More)
The government of China launched its first national soil quality and pollution survey (NSQPS) during April 2006 to December 2013. Data gathered in several earlier soil surveys were rarely used to understand the status of pollution. In this study, the dataset collected at the provincial level was analyzed for the first time. Concentrations, distribution,(More)
It has been recognized that ecological risk assessment based on traditional endpoints of toxicity are unable to provide adequate protection because some chemicals may affect reproductive fitness of aquatic organisms at much lower concentrations. In this paper, predicted no effect concentrations (PNECs) for 4-nonylphenol (NP) were derived based either on(More)
While more developed countries have a well-established systems to develop water quality criteria (WQC), little research has been done on the adequacy of the current WQC to protect endemic species of China. In order to maintain the health of aquatic ecosystems in China, a series of projects to establish national WQC based on regional characteristics has(More)
In this study, continuous monitoring of PM2.5 was carried out for 1 year period at one of the largest residential areas in Beijing. Annual mean of PM2.5 during sampling period was 100.4 µg/m(3). The seasonal variation trend of PM2.5 was winter > spring > autumn and summer. The total mass concentrations of metals in PM2.5 ranged from 0.4 to 13.2 μg/m(3).(More)
Based on the basic characteristics of municipal solid waste (MSW) from regional small cities in China, some optimal management principles have been put forward: regional optimization, long-term optimization, and integrated treatment/disposal optimization. According to these principles, an optimal MSW management model for regional small cities is developed(More)