Yeun-Jund Shyy

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Fluid shear stress and circumferential stretch play important roles in maintaining the homeostasis of the blood vessel, and they can also be pathophysiological factors in cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis and hypertension. The uses of flow channels and stretch devices as in vitro models have helped to elucidate the mechanisms of signal(More)
Endothelial cells (ECs) are constantly exposed to blood pressure-induced mechanical strain. We have previously demonstrated that cyclic strain can induce gene expression of monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1). The molecular mechanisms of gene induction by strain, however, remain unclear. Recent evidence indicates that intracellular reactive oxygen(More)
Monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), a potent monocyte chemoattractant secreted by endothelial cells (ECs), is believed to play a key role in the early events of atherogenesis. Since vascular ECs are constantly subjected to mechanical stresses, we examined how cyclic strain affects the expression of the MCP-1 gene in human ECs grown on a flexible(More)
The focal distribution of atherosclerotic lesions in the arterial tree is related to the local shear stress generated by blood flow, but the molecular basis of the atherogenic response of endothelial cells in these lesion-prone areas is still unclear. We report that shear stress mediates a biphasic response of monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1) gene(More)
The stimulation of the human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) with recombinant human monocyte-derived colony-stimulating factor (MCSF) increased the gene expression of monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP-1). Northern blot analysis indicated that 50 U/ml of MCSF is the optimal concentration for this effect. The elevation of MCP-1 mRNA started as early(More)
BACKGROUND Therapeutic approaches to reduce the neointimal formation caused by balloon injury have been focused mainly on experimental models of restenosis in the rat carotid artery. However, restenosis in rat carotid artery may not replicate the coronary arterial responses to injury in larger animals and humans. METHODS In this study, we used pig(More)
A monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP-1) is thought to play a major role in recruiting monocytes to the vascular endothelium where the adherence of monocytes is one of the earliest events in atherogenesis. We cloned MCP-1 cDNA from a λgt 11 cDNA library constructed from human aortic endothelial mRNA to test whether MCP-1 expressed in arterial endothelium is(More)
The effects of mechanical strain on monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) secretion were examined on human endothelial cells (ECs) grown on a flexible membrane base. MCP-1 release into culture medium from strained ECs was demonstrated to be time and strain dose dependent. Northern blot analysis demonstrated a mainly serum-independent 1.8-fold induction of(More)
The small molecular mass heat shock protein of 27 kDa (HSP27) has been shown to influence actin filament dynamics and endothelial cell behavior in ways similar to those observed during laminar flow. We have employed human umbilical vein endothelial cells to determine whether fluid shear stress affects HSP27 expression or phosphorylation. After a shear(More)
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