Yetunde O Taiwo

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OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitors in mono-iodoacetate-induced arthritis in rats. DESIGN The ability of compounds to inhibit MMPs in vitro was assessed kinetically using a quenched fluorescent substrate. Rats were injected with iodoacetate intraarticularly in one knee joint and damage to the tibial plateau was(More)
Gait analysis has been undertaken in a rat model of osteoarthrosis, induced by intra-articular injection of sodium iodoacetate into the left knee. Two weeks after injection, no disturbances were recorded to the velocity of locomotion, the stride length nor the stride, stance, or swing times. However, clear and consistent reductions in the peak vertical load(More)
OBJECTIVE Characterize a model of osteoarthritis (OA) induced by a surgically transecting the medial collateral ligament and meniscus. Evaluate the effectiveness of a matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitor in this model. METHODS The medial collateral ligament of the right knee of rats was transected and a single full thickness cut was made through(More)
OBJECTIVES Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are thought to be major mediators of cartilage destruction. Osteoarthritis (OA) is characterised by cartilage degradation. This study explores gene expression of three MMPs in articular chondrocytes during the histological development of the cartilage lesion of OA. METHODS Biopsy specimens of human normal and OA(More)
Peptidyl fluoromethyl ketones (PFMK) are irreversible inhibitors of cathepsin B, a cysteine proteinase thought to be involved in the degradation of cartilage. It has been speculated that PFMK inhibitors may metabolize in rodents to form fluoroacetate (FAC), an extremely toxic poison. A highly selective and sensitive separation and detection scheme was(More)
Monoclonal antibody (MAb) technology was used to examine aggrecan metabolites and the role of aggrecanases and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in proteolysis of the interglobular domain (IGD) and C-terminus of aggrecan. An in vitro model of progressive cartilage degradation characterized by early proteoglycan loss and late stage collagen catabolism was(More)
The synthesis and structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies of a series of proline-based matrix metalloproteinase inhibitors are described. The data reveal a remarkable potency enhancement in those compounds that contain an sp(2) center at the C-4 carbon of the ring relative to similar, saturated compounds. This effect was noted in compounds that(More)
2-Aryl-3-pyrimidinyl based tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) inhibitors, which contain a novel bicyclic pyrazolone core, are described. Many showed low-nanomolar activity against lipopolysaccharide-induced TNF-alpha production in monocytic cells. Secondary screening data are presented for the pyrimidinyl bicyclic pyrazolones. Several of these(More)
OBJECTIVES Chondrocytic matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are believed to be important in osteoarthritic cartilage degradation. The cartilage lesion of osteoarthritis (OA) is focal and often progressive. During its development chondrocytes differentially up and down regulate production of mRNA for individual MMPs. This observation has potential implications(More)