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Autosomal recessive demyelinating Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT4), Dejerine-Sottas disease and congenital hypomyelinating neuropathy are variants of hereditary demyelinating neuropathy of infancy, a genetically heterogeneous group of disorders. To explore the spectrum of early-onset demyelinating neuropathies further, we studied the clinicopathological(More)
In a muscle biopsy based study, only 9 out of 5450 biopsy samples, received from all parts of greater Istanbul area, had typical clinical and most suggestive light microscopic sporadic-inclusion body myositis (s-IBM) findings. Two other patients with and ten further patients without characteristic light microscopic findings had referring diagnosis of s-IBM.(More)
BACKGROUND Oculopharyngodistal myopathy (OPDM) has been reported as a rare, adult-onset hereditary muscle disease with putative autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive inheritance. Patients with OPDM present with progressive ocular, pharyngeal, and distal limb muscle involvement. The genetic defect causing OPDM has not been elucidated. METHODS Clinical(More)
Precipitation of spike and wave (SW) discharges in some epileptic patients by eye closure (EC) has rarely been reported. To disclose the clinical characteristics and classification of syndromes of epileptic patients with SW discharges induced by EC, we investigated 10 patients (1 M, 9 F) showing this peculiar EEG feature. The patients aged between 9-39(More)
GTPases of the Rho subfamily are widely involved in the myelination of the vertebrate nervous system. Rho GTPase activity is temporally and spatially regulated by a set of specific guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs). Here, we report that disruption of frabin/FGD4, a GEF for the Rho GTPase cell-division cycle 42 (Cdc42), causes peripheral nerve(More)
Invertebrate model systems are powerful tools for studying human disease owing to their genetic tractability and ease of screening. We conducted a mosaic genetic screen of lethal mutations on the Drosophila X chromosome to identify genes required for the development, function, and maintenance of the nervous system. We identified 165 genes, most of whose(More)
The existence of recessive transmission of Dejerine-Sottas disease, a severe demyelinating neuropathy of childhood, has been questioned, because only heterozygous mutations of the myelin proteins P0 or PMP22 genes have been identified in virtually all patients with this phenotype. We report on a family with 3 affected children with this phenotype, born to(More)
OBJECT Local administration of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) has been shown to increase the rate of axon regeneration in crush-injured and freeze-injured rat sciatic nerves. Local administration of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been also shown to have a measurable effect on facial nerve regeneration after transection in a rat model. The objective of(More)
Early onset hereditary motor and sensory neuropathies are rare disorders encompassing congenital hypomyelinating neuropathy with disease onset in the direct post-natal period and Dejerine-Sottas neuropathy starting in infancy. The clinical spectrum, however, reaches beyond the boundaries of these two historically defined disease entities. De novo dominant(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Transthyretin familial amyloid polyneuropathy (TTR-FAP) is a highly disabling, life-threatening disease characterized by progressive sensorimotor and autonomic neuropathy. The profile of the disease across Europe is inadequately understood at present. RECENT FINDINGS The incidence and clinical presentation of TTR-FAP varies widely within(More)