Yeshwant S. Bakhle

Learn More
A few years after the foundation of the British Pharmacological Society, monoamine oxidase (MAO) was recognized as an enzyme of crucial interest to pharmacologists because it catalyzed the major inactivation pathway for the catecholamine neurotransmitters, noradrenaline, adrenaline and dopamine (and, later, 5-hydroxytryptamine, as well). Within the next(More)
Celecoxib is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that selectively inhibits cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). Like most NSAIDs, celecoxib exhibits analgesic effects in models of inflammatory pain but these appear to be dependent on endogenous opioid release. Therefore, this study has assessed the ability of celecoxib to induce tolerance in rats,(More)
Celecoxib is a selective inhibitor of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and blocks prostaglandin (PG) biosynthesis associated with inflammatory conditions. In a model of peripherally induced inflammatory pain in rats, celecoxib, given systemically, induced a state of hypoalgesia where the nociceptive threshold was raised above basal values, an effect not observed(More)
AIMS The endogenous opioids mediate the analgesic effects of celecoxib in a model of mechanical hyperalgesia in rats. As responses to thermal stimuli may differ from those to mechanical stimuli, we have here assessed celecoxib in a rat model of thermal hyperalgesia and the possible involvement of endogenous opioids and their corresponding receptors in these(More)
1. It is well-established that inhibitors of cyclo-oxygenase (COX) and hence of prostaglandin (PG) biosynthesis reverse inflammatory hyperalgesia and oedema in both human and animal models of inflammatory pain. 2. Paw oedema and hyperalgesia in rats were induced by injecting carrageenan (250 micro g paw(-1)) into a hindpaw. Both inflammatory responses were(More)
Mechanical hyperalgesia induced in rat paws by carrageenan (250microg) was modified by pre-treatment with three selective inhibitors of cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2); celecoxib, rofecoxib and SC236. These inhibitors raised the nociceptive threshold above the normal, non-inflamed, level, inducing a state of hypoalgesia. Such hypoalgesia was observed in different(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS In this study we analyzed the mechanisms underlying celecoxib-induced analgesia in a model of inflammatory pain in rats, using the intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of selective opioid and cannabinoid antagonists. METHODS AND RESULTS Analgesic effects of celecoxib were prevented by selective μ-(β-funaltrexamine) and(More)
Neurokinin A (NKA) and substance P (SP) are often co-localized in small sensory neurons and have been suggested to subserve similar roles. We have now compared tissue levels of NKA and SP in rat cervical dorsal root ganglia with those in the central and peripheral terminations of the same neurons. We found that NKA content was less than that of SP in dorsal(More)
The GH inbred Wistar rat possesses reduced numbers of sympathetic motor neurons. In the present study, we report that substance P (SP) concentrations in superior cervical ganglion, spinal cord, iris and trachea of GH rats are about two-fold those in normal rats, and that SP-containing sensory neuron numbers are elevated in GH rats. These data suggest(More)