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The ability to sense and adapt to a hostile host environment is a crucial element for virulence of pathogenic fungi, including Cryptococcus neoformans. These cellular responses are evoked by diverse signaling cascades, including the stress-activated HOG pathway. Despite previous analysis of central components of the HOG pathway, its downstream signaling(More)
Forty-eight hours after partial (approximately 67%) hepatectomy the activity of the particulate guanylate cyclase was increased by 2-fold in the regenerating rat liver. This increase was not an artifact of membrane isolation procedures, and as determined by 125I-labeled Tyr-28 atrial natriuretic hormone-(1-28) ANF binding, was accompanied by a 2-fold(More)
Expression of chsE encoding one of the five chitin synthases of Aspergillus nidulans was analyzed. Expression of chsE was moderate in conidiophores, but somewhat weaker in vegetative mycelia. During sexual development, chsE was expressed strongly in young cleistothecia and hülle cells, but little in mature sexual structures. Deletion of chsE caused a(More)
Gaf1 is the first GATA family zinc-finger transcription factor identified in Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Here, we report that Gaf1 functions as a negatively acting transcription factor of ste11(+), delaying the entrance of cells exposed to transient nitrogen starvation into the meiotic cycle. gaf1Δ strains exhibited accelerated G(1)-arrest upon nitrogen(More)
In fungi and plants, vacuoles function as a storage and sequestration vessel for a wide variety of ions and are responsible for cytosolic ion homeostasis and responses to ionic shock. In the filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans, however, little is known about the molecular genetic mechanisms of vacuolar biogenesis and function. In the present study, we(More)
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Ten analogs of baogongteng A, the natural cholinergic tropane alkaloid isolated from Erycibe obtusifolia Benth, were designed and synthesized. The tropane skeleton was kept unchanged, while the substituting groups on N and C3 were modified. In myotic experiments in rabbits 3-paramethyl benzoyloxy-6-acetoxy nortropane(4), 3-propionyloxy-6-acetoxy(More)
Immunized spleen lymphocytes were fused with Balb/c mouse myeloma cells to obtain hybridoma cell line 4B-2, which produces monoclonal antibodies (McAb) against bovine growth hormone (bGH). Balb/c mice were injected with 4B-2 cells to produce ascites antibodies. The specific McAb in the ascites (about 10 mg/ml, subclass IgG1) was purified by immunoaffinity(More)
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