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BACKGROUND Postlaparoscopic shoulder pain (PLSP) frequently occurs after various laparoscopic surgical procedures. Its mechanism is commonly assumed to be overstretching of the diaphragmatic muscle fibers due to the pressure of a pneumoperitoneum, which causes phrenic nerve-mediated referred pain to the shoulder. Based on this hypothesis, we speculated that(More)
BACKGROUND Since 2009, database construction of anesthesia-related adverse events has been initiated through the legislation committee of the Korean Society of Anesthesiologists (KSA), based on expert consultation referrals provided by police departments, civil courts, and criminal courts. METHODS This study was a retrospective descriptive analysis of(More)
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