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BACKGROUND Compressive force is an important mechanical stimulus on the periodontal ligament (PDL) and is closely related to therapeutic tooth movement. In this study, early or late response genes related to the compressive stress in PDL cells were evaluated. Particularly, the expression of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) was(More)
Abducens nerve palsies associated with infectious diseases are infrequent. Scrub typhus is an acute, febrile, infectious illness caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi (formerly Rickettsia tsutsugamushi), an obligate-intracellular gram-negative bacterium. The organism has been reported to be capable of entering the nervous system, causing meningitis and focal(More)
A 50-year-old man had undergone lumbar vertebral surgery and was confined to bed in the supine position for three months. When he sat up from the prolonged supine position, he showed clinical signs of orthostatic hypotension and reported decreased vision in both eyes. He also had underlying anemia. Ophthalmologic findings suggested bilateral anterior(More)
Strain 16F1ET was isolated from a 3-kGy-irradiated sediment sample collected at Han River in Seoul, Republic of Korea. Cells of this strain were observed to be Gram-positive, pililike structure, and short rod shape, and colonies were red in color. The strain showed the highest degree of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to Deinococcus aquaticus PB314T(More)
High-resolution computed tomography (CT) was performed in 20 patients with diffuse panbronchiolitis. Images of abnormal peripheral lung were classified into four types: small nodules around the end of bronchovascular branchings (CT type I), small nodules in the centrilobular area connected with small branching linear opacities (CT type II), nodules(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the longitudinal changes in retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness after pars plana vitrectomy for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. METHODS This prospective study examined 33 vitrectomy patients who were diagnosed with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. Optical coherence tomography was conducted 6, 12, and 24 months after(More)
Urease activation is critical to the virulence of many human and animal pathogens. Urease possesses multiple, nickel-containing active sites, and UreE, the only nickel-binding protein among the urease accessory proteins, activates urease by transporting nickel ions. We performed NMR experiments to investigate the solution structure and the nickel-binding(More)
A 17-year-old girl with primary pulmonary hypertension was treated with longterm administration of oxygen. Oxygen was delivered only at night for eight hours daily. Her clinical status has been improved for more than 17 months. Cardiac catheterization revealed almost 50 percent reduction of pulmonary vascular resistance. This is the first known report of(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate area- and gender-related differences in the soft tissue thickness of potential areas for installing miniscrews in the buccal-attached gingiva and the palatal masticatory mucosa. MATERIALS AND METHODS The sample consisted of 61 Korean young adults. An ultrasonic gingival-thickness meter was used to measure the soft-tissue thickness(More)
Currently, many surgeons use bicanalicular silicone tubes as a stent to keep the intranasal mucosal ostium patent when they perform endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy. The authors describe the sleeve technique using bicanalicular silicone tubes. After inserting the bicanalicular silicone tube, a sleeve is passed over it. The sleeve prevents the nasal mucosa(More)