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Despite the fact that glycine-rich RNA-binding proteins (GRPs) have been implicated in the responses of plants to changing environmental conditions, the reports demonstrating their biological roles are severely limited. Here, we examined the functional roles of a zinc finger-containing GRP, designated atRZ-1a, in Arabidopsis thaliana under drought or salt(More)
Glycine-rich RNA-binding proteins (GR-RBPs) have been implicated to play roles in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression in plants under various stress conditions, but the functional roles of GR-RBPs under stress conditions remain to be verified. Here, we examine the biological roles of a GR-RBP, designated atRZ-1a, in Arabidopsis thaliana under(More)
Experimental evidence in vivo as to the functional roles and binding properties to cadmium (Cd) of type-2 plants metallothionein (MT) has been limited thus far. We investigated the biological role of metallothionein from Colocasia esculenta (CeMT2b) in Escherichia coli and tobacco, and developed a new model for the relationship between Cd tolerance and(More)
Economical production of bioethanol from lignocellulosic biomass still faces many technical limitations. Cost-effective production of fermentable sugars is still not practical for large-scale production of bioethanol due to high costs of lignocellulolytic enzymes. Therefore, plant molecular farming, where plants are used as bioreactors, was developed for(More)
Plants are attractive expression systems for large-scale, low-cost production of high-value proteins. The xylanase 2 gene (Xyn2), encoding an endo-β-1,4-xylanase from Trichoderma reesei, was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli and the poplar (Populus spp.). The optimal temperature and pH of the recombinant xylanase were 50 °C and 5.0 respectively when(More)
Although the roles of S1 domain-containing proteins have been characterized in diverse cellular processes in the cytoplasm, the functional roles of a majority of S1 domain-containing proteins targeted to the chloroplast are largely unknown. Here, we characterized the function of a nuclear-encoded chloroplast-targeted protein harboring two S1 domains,(More)
Contrary to extensive researches on the roles of metallothioneins (MTs) in metal tolerance of animals, the roles of plant MTs in metal tolerance are largely under investigation. In this study, we evaluated the functional role of type 2 MT from Colocasia esculenta (CeMT2b) in Zn tolerance of tobacco and E. coli cells. Under Zn-stress conditions, transgenic(More)
Despite the increasing understanding of the crucial roles of glutathione (GSH) in cellular defense against heavy metal stress as well as oxidative stress, little is known about the functional role of exogenous GSH in mercury (Hg) tolerance in plants. Here, we provide compelling evidence that GSH contributes to Hg tolerance in diverse plants. Exogenous GSH(More)
Metallothioneins (MTs) play a major role in metal homeostasis and/or detoxification in plants. In this study, a novel gene, pCeMT, was isolated from Colocasia esculenta and characterized. Our results indicate that Escherichia coli cells expressing pCeMT exhibited enhanced Cd, Cu, and Zn tolerance and accumulation compared with control cells. Furthermore,(More)
Despite an increasing understanding of the essential role of the Mei2 gene encoding an RNA-binding protein (RBP) in premeiotic DNA synthesis and meiosis in yeasts and animals, the functional roles of the mei2-like genes in plant growth and development are largely unknown. Contrary to other mei2-like RBPs that contain three RNA-recognition motifs (RRMs), the(More)