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Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) is a putative tumor suppressor and inhibits the mitogenic and antiapoptotic activity of insulin-like growth factor (IGF) by blocking the binding to its receptors or by IGF-independent manner. Epidemiological studies have suggested that serum level of IGFBP-3 is associated with lung cancer risk. The(More)
The human host cell line, F2N78, is a new somatic hybrid cell line designed for therapeutic antibody production. To verify its potential as a human host cell line, recombinant F2N78 cells that produce antibody against rabies virus (rF2N78) were cultivated at different culture pH (6.8, 7.0, 7.2, 7.4, and 7.6) and temperatures (33.0 °C and 37.0 °C).(More)
Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, that are widely used for production of therapeutic proteins, are subjected to apoptosis and autophagy under the stresses induced by conditions such as nutrient deprivation, hyperosmolality and addition of sodium butyrate. To achieve a cost-effective level of production, it is important to extend the culture longevity.(More)
Previous research showed that co-down-regulation of caspase-3/7 in rCHO cells, unlike Bcl-2 overexpression, did not effectively block apoptotic cell death induced by 3mM sodium butyrate (NaBu). Here, it is found that the control of autophagy is also related to this different response to NaBu treatment. With NaBu treatment, co-down-regulation of caspase-3/7(More)
Cuticle formation and molting are critical for the development of Caenorhabditis elegans. To understand cuticle formation more clearly, we screened for suppressors in transgenic worms that expressed dominant ROL-6 collagen proteins. The suro-1 mutant, which is mild dumpy, exhibited a different ROL-6::GFP localization pattern compared to other Dpy mutants.(More)
Pathological angiogenesis usually involves disrupted vascular integrity, vascular leakage, and infiltration of inflammatory cells, which are governed mainly by VEGF-A and TNF-α. Although many inhibitors targeting either VEGF-A or TNF-α have been developed, there is no single inhibitor molecule that simultaneously targets both molecules. Here, we designed(More)
The putative gene (ygcM) of Escherichia coli was verified in vitro to encode the ortholog of 6-pyruvoyltetrahydropterin synthase (PTPS). Unexpectedly, the enzyme was found to convert sepiapterin to 7,8-dihydropterin without any cofactors. The enzymatic product 7,8-dihydropterin was identified by HPLC and mass spectrometry analyses, suggesting a novel(More)
Bone morphogenetic protein-7 (BMP-7) is a member of the TGF-β superfamily and plays a critical role in cartilage, bone, and kidney development. BMP-7 is synthesized as a large precursor and undergoes proteolytic cleavage by subtilisin-like proprotein convertase to secrete the functionally active mature dimer. When CHO cells producing recombinant human BMP-7(More)
The human cell line rF2N78 produces an antibody with a high galactosylation ratio which resembles human IgG. However, it has been observed that the aglycosylated antibody starts to appear when glucose is depleted. To determine whether glucose depletion is a main cause for aglycosylation of the antibody, fed-batch cultures of rF2N78 cells were performed(More)