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Skin aging is a multisystem degenerative process caused by several factors, such as, UV irradiation, stress, and smoke. Furthermore, wrinkle formation is a striking feature of photoaging and is associated with oxidative stress and inflammatory response. In the present study, we investigated whether caffeic acid, S-allyl cysteine, and uracil, which were(More)
In this study, we explored the mechanisms by which the angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI), enalapril, and the Ang II receptor blocker (ARB), losartan suppress oxidative stress and NF-κB activation-induced inflammatory responses in aged rat kidney. The experimentations were carried out utilizing aged (24-month-old) Brown Norway×Fischer 344 (F1)(More)
Skeletal muscle atrophy results from various conditions including high levels of glucocorticoids, and β-hydroxy β-methylbutyrate (HMB; a metabolite of leucine) is a potent therapeutical supplement used to treat various muscle disorders. Recent studies have demonstrated that HMB inhibits dexamethasone-induced atrophy in cultured myotubes, but its effect on(More)
Scale bars = 10 µm. Associated kymograph representing movements of IFT particles are shown in panels a'-d'. Figure 5. CPLANE mutant mice display diagnostic features of Oral-Facial-Digital Syndrome Type 6. (a and b) Frontal sections at E14.5 reveal that Fuz mutant mice display high arched palate (arrow) and lobulation of the tongue (arrowheads). (c and d)(More)
Stresses, such as exposure to ultraviolet radiation and those associated with aging, are known to cause premature cellular senescence that is characterized by growth arrest and morphological and gene expression changes. This study was designed to investigate the protective effect of Sirtuin1 (SIRT1) on the UVB-induced premature senescence. Under in vitro(More)
The beneficial role of FoxO during aging has been proposed for its promotion of resistance to oxidative stress and inhibition of pro-inflammatory mediators. On the other hand, NF-κB is a pro-inflammatory transcription factor which is a key mediator of inflammatory cytokine generation. However, the correlation between FoxO6 and NF-κB during aging has not(More)
Baicalin, a herb-derived flavonoid compound, has beneficial activities, including the modulation of oxidative stress and inflammation. Nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) is a ligand-activated transcription factor that plays an important role in regulating nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB)-induced age-related inflammation. We(More)
Autophagy is a major degradative process responsible for the disposal of cytoplasmic proteins and dysfunctional organelles via the lysosomal pathway. During the autophagic process, cells form double-membraned vesicles called autophagosomes that sequester disposable materials in the cytoplasm and finally fuse with lysosomes. In the present study, we(More)
BACKGROUND Tyrosinase inhibitors have become increasingly important because of their ability to inhibit the synthesis of the pigment melanin. A search for new agents with strong tyrosinase activity led to the synthesis of the tyrosinase inhibitor (E)-3-(2,4-dihydroxybenzylidene)pyrrolidine-2,5-dione (3-DBP). METHODS The inhibitory effect of 3-DBP on(More)
Peptide mass fingerprinting (PMF) has become one of the most widely used methods for rapid identification of proteins in proteomics research. Many peaks, however, remain unassigned after PMF analysis, partly because of post-translational modification and the limited scope of protein sequences. Almost all PMF tools employ only known or predicted protein(More)