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This study developed a Smartphone Addiction Proneness Scale (SAPS) based on the existing internet and cellular phone addiction scales. For the development of this scale, 29 items (1.5 times the final number of items) were initially selected as preliminary items, based on the previous studies on internet/phone addiction as well as the clinical experience of(More)
This article reports the development and psychometric properties of a new scale that measures internalized homophobia in lesbians: the Lesbian Internalized Homophobia Scale (LIHS). This 52-item measure was developed using a rational/theoretical approach of test construction and includes five subscales. Research findings, based on a sample of 303 female(More)
This article provides a critical review of various methods for assessing sexual orientation in previous lesbian/gay/bisexual studies. A content analysis of 144 lesbian/gay/bisexual studies published in the Journal of Homosexuality (Volumes 1 to 24; 1974-93) was conducted by two independent reviewers. Findings suggest that women and bisexuals were(More)
SUMMARY In this article we discuss the importance of studying internalized homophobia and provide a rationale for studying internalized homophobia in lesbians apart from gay men. We review published scales used to assess internalized homophobia in lesbians and describe recent studies on the correlates of internalized homophobia in lesbians. We discuss(More)
Physical fitness of persons who are developmentally disabled has received relatively little attention in the special education literature when compared to intellectual functioning (e.g., learning, memory, and language) and to acquisition of functional skills (e.g., self-care, community, and vocational). Despite an increased interest in recreational(More)
The current study is a phenomenological examination of the resilience strategies of South Asian immigrant women in the United States who survived child sexual abuse. Semistructured interviews (N = 5) and a focus group (N = 8) were analyzed to gain a deep structural understanding of participants' experiences of child sexual abuse and resilience. Findings(More)
The generality of a peer-mediated exercise program designed to enhance aerobic fitness of 17 children with moderate and severe cognitive disabilities was evaluated. Two systematic replications of the program were conducted. Participants' ages, disability levels, and school settings varied. Target participants were paired with peers without disabilities.(More)
This study examined the construct validity of the Bem Sex-Role Inventory (BSRI; Bem, 1978) for heterosexual and gay men. Sixty heterosexual and 63 gay male participants were recruited through networking and advertisements. These two groups were of equivalent age, socioeconomic background, race, student status, and educational level. They completed the(More)
This article describes the development and validation of the Internalized Racial Oppression Scale (IROS) for Black individuals in 2 studies using a total sample of 468 Black college students. The IROS is intended to measure the degree to which racial oppression is internalized and replicated by Black individuals in the United States. An exploratory factor(More)
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