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The purpose was to compare the effect of low- and high-gain visual feedback on ankle movement variability and muscle activation in children and young adults. Six young adults (19.8 ± 0.6 years) and nine children (9.4 ± 1.6 years) traced a sinusoidal target by performing ankle plantar/dorsiflexion movements. The targeted range of motion was 10°, and the(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether older adults compared with young adults exhibit impaired end-point accuracy during a two-finger task due to altered activation of the contributing synergistic muscles. Nine young (21.3 years ± 1.6 years, 4 men) and 9 older (73.1 years ± 6.4 years, 5 men) were instructed to accurately match the center of a(More)
Evidence indicates that the frequency-domain characteristics of surface electromyogram (EMG) signals are modulated according to the contributing sources of neural drive. Modulation of inter-muscular EMG synchrony within the Piper frequency band (30–60 Hz) during movement tasks has been linked to drive from the corticospinal tract. However, it is not known(More)
Aging impairs the activation of muscle; however, it remains unclear whether it contributes to deficits in motor learning in older adults. The purpose of this study was to determine whether altered activation of antagonistic muscles in older adults during practice inhibits their ability to transfer a motor task ipsilaterally. Twenty young (25.1 ± 3.9 yr; 10(More)
The quiet stance is a complicated motor act requiring sophisticated sensorimotor integration to balance an artificial inverted pendulum with the ankle musculature. The objective of this study was to characterize the effects of stance pattern (bilateral stance vs. unilateral stance) and directional influence of light finger touch (medial-lateral vs.(More)
The purpose was to compare neuromuscular control of rapid ankle goal-directed movements in healthy preadolescent children and young adults. Ten young adults (20.0 ± 0.9 years) and ten children (9.5 ± 0.7 years) attempted to accurately match the peak displacement of the foot to a spatiotemporal target with an ankle dorsiflexion movement. The targeted(More)
Physicians in Taiwan have a heavy workload and a stressful workplace, both of which may contribute to cardiovascular disease. However, the risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in physicians is not clear. This population-based cohort study used Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database. We identified 28,062 physicians as the case group and(More)
This paper reports significant improvements in the electrical performance of In 0.53 Ga 0.47 As metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors (MOSFET) by a post-gate CF 4 /O 2 plasma treatment. The optimum condition of CF 4 /O 2 plasma treatment has been systematically studied and found to be 30 W for 3–5 min. Approximately 5× reduction in interface(More)
Older adults exhibit altered activation of the agonist and antagonist muscles during goal-directed movements compared with young adults. However, it remains unclear whether the differential activation of the antagonistic muscles in older adults results from an impaired motor plan or an altered ability of the muscle to contract. The purpose of this study,(More)
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6) is a genetic disease that causes pure cerebellar degeneration affecting walking, balance, and coordination. One of the main symptoms of SCA6 is dysmetria. The magnitude of dysmetria and its relation to functional capacity in SCA6 has not been studied. Our purpose was to quantify dysmetria and determine the relation(More)