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Intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) causes mucosal barrier damage and bacterial translocation (BT), leading to septic complications. Previous in vitro studies showed that activation of sodium/glucose transporter 1 (SGLT1) prevented the epithelial apoptosis and permeability rise induced by microbial products. Our aim was to investigate whether luminal(More)
Intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) induces mucosal barrier dysfunction and bacterial translocation (BT). Neutrophil-derived oxidative free radicals have been incriminated in the pathogenesis of ischemic injury in various organs, but their role in the bacteria-containing intestinal tract is debatable. Primed neutrophils are characterized by a faster and(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies of Giardia lamblia outbreaks have indicated that 40-80% of infected patients experience long-lasting functional gastrointestinal disorders after parasitic clearance. Our aim was to assess changes in the intestinal barrier and spatial distribution of commensal bacteria in the post-clearance phase of Giardia infection. METHODS Mice(More)
An in vitro ischemia model was used to determine the molecular mechanisms responsible for the ischemia-induced neuronal cell death. Additionally, the neuronal protective mechanisms of anti-apoptotic drugs against ischemia were also evaluated. In this study, the primary neuronal cultures were incubated in an anoxic chamber with 95% of N2 and 5% of CO2 for(More)
Microglia-derived protection of brain cells (microglia, astrocytes, and neurons) during in vitro ischemic stress (deprivation of glucose, oxygen, and serum) was determined. Trypan blue exclusion assay, immunoblocking assay, Western blot analysis, and ELISA assay were used to determine the molecular mechanisms responsible for the microglia-derived(More)
OBJECTIVE Gut barrier dysfunction and bacterial translocation occur in various disorders, including intestinal obstruction. Overexpression of inducible nitric oxide synthase is implicated in the pathogenesis of bacterial translocation, of which the molecular mechanism remains unclear. Epithelial permeability is regulated by tight junction reorganization and(More)
An in vitro ischemia model (oxygen, glucose, and serum deprivation) is used to investigate the possible cellular and molecular mechanisms responsible for cerebral ischemia. We have previously demonstrated that supernatants derived from ischemic microglia can protect ischemic brain cells by releasing GDNF and TGF-beta1. In the present study, we investigate(More)
BACKGROUND Bowel obstruction is a common cause of abdominal emergency, since the patients are at increased risk of septicemia resulting in high mortality rate. While the compartmentalized changes in enteric microfloral population and augmentation of bacterial translocation (BT) have already been reported using experimental obstruction models, alterations in(More)
OBJECTIVES To develop an in vivo intestinal permeability assay applying magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to monitor real-time gut barrier defects in animal models of acute mesenteric ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) insult. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty Wistar rats were divided to 2 groups for I/R challenge or sham controls. I/R rats received occlusion of(More)
Intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) causes barrier impairment and bacterial influx. Protection against I/R injury in sterile organs by hypoxic preconditioning (HPC) had been attributed to erythropoietic and angiogenic responses. Our previous study showed attenuation of intestinal I/R injury by HPC for 21 days in a neutrophil-dependent manner. To(More)
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