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BACKGROUND This study compared titanium elastic nail (TEN) fixation with plate fixation in patients with uncomplicated midshaft clavicle fractures. METHODS The records of 57 patients with midshaft clavicular fractures that were operated on within 2 weeks after injury at Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan, were retrospectively(More)
Distal clavicular fractures were classified by Neer in 1963. A type II fracture leads to a high rate of delayed union, or nonunion, with undesirable symptoms. Type II distal clavicular fractures usually exhibit superior displacement of the clavicle. We report two cases of distal clavicular fracture with inferior displacement and posterior displacement. Open(More)
Are institutional monitoring effects induced by the quality and reputation of a firm's management? We hypothesize that better and more reputable managers can convey more information and give a certifying effect with regard to firm value to informed and potential investors, thus reducing information asymmetry. This study provides empirical evidence to(More)
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