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1. We have studied the sensations evoked by threshold microstimulation (TMS) in the area of the human principal sensory nucleus of the thalamus [ventralis caudalis (Vc)] in patients (n = 11) undergoing stereotactic surgery for the treatment of movement disorders and pain. Preoperatively, patients were trained to describe somatic sensory stimuli using a(More)
A population of neurons in the area of human thalamic nucleus ventralis caudalis (Vc) respond to noxious heat stimuli. In the cutaneous core of Vc 6% (6/108) of recorded neurons had a significantly greater response to noxious heat stimuli than to innocuous control stimuli. Half of these neurons (n = 3) also responded to innocuous cold stimuli. Within the(More)
This paper presented a hybrid optimal estimation algorithm for solving multi-level thresholding problems in image segmentation. The distribution of image intensity is modeled as a random variable, which is approximated by a mixture Gaussian model. The Gaussian's parameter estimates are iteratively computed by using the proposed PSO + EM algorithm, which(More)
Dissociated cells from the margin and tentacles of the hydromedusa Polyorchis penicillatus were centrifuged in a Percoll gradient to remove cnidocytes. The resulting formaldehyde-fixed cells were used to inoculate mice to produce monoclonal antibodies. One of the hybridomas, which secreted antibodies against all neurons, was cloned and designated as mAb(More)
The goal of our studies was to characterize the interrelationship between extracellular matrix organization and fibroblast proliferation in response to growth factors. We compared fibroblasts in monolayer culture with cells in contracted collagen matrices that were mechanically stressed or relaxed. In response to platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), DNA(More)
Mammalian spermatozoa interact with the proteins secreted by the epididymis to develop fertility. Transmembrane proteins that possess a disintegrin and metalloprotease (ADAM) domains are shown to be closely related to spermatogenesis and fertilization. Our previous study demonstrated that GP-83, a glycoprotein secreted by the epididymis, was conjugated to(More)
OBJECTIVE Novel treatments such as natalizumab and fingolimod achieve their therapeutic efficacy in multiple sclerosis (MS) by blocking access of subsets of immune cells into the central nervous system, thus creating nonphysiological intrathecal immunity. In contrast, daclizumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody against the alpha chain of the IL-2 receptor,(More)
Stereotactic lesions in the thalamus for treatment of parkinsonian tremor are often made at the location where neurons fire at approximately tremor frequency (tremor cells). Some of these cells show a large amount of activity at tremor frequency and are significantly correlated with electromyographic activity (EMG) during tremor. Our analysis of cellular(More)
To test whether modulations of spinal serotonin (5-HT) levels would affect the development of morphine tolerance, we treated rats with either intrathecal 5-HT or 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine (5,7-DHT; a 5-HT neurotoxin) in addition to systemic infusion with morphine (2 mg x kg(-1) x h(-1)). Continuous infusion of 5-HT (10 microg x 6 microL(-1) x h(-1)) into the(More)