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BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Sphingomonas paucimobilis is a glucose-nonfermenting Gram-negative bacillus that is widely distributed in both natural environment and hospitals. Various infections in humans have been reported, but most have been limited to sporadic case reports. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical characteristics and manifestations of S.(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES In the 2002 dengue outbreak in Taiwan, some fatal cases had the underlying disease of renal failure (RF). Physicians faced difficulty in diagnosis and treatment of these patients; however, the impacts of RF on the clinical presentations and outcomes of dengue infection have not been reported previously. DESIGN, SETTING,(More)
OBJECTIVES The Study for Monitoring Antimicrobial Resistance Trends (SMART) was intended to reveal the evolving profiles of antimicrobial resistance among Gram-negative pathogens causing intra-abdominal infections (IAIs) from Asia-Pacific region in 2009. METHODS A total of 3577 aerobic and facultative Gram-negative bacilli associated with IAIs were(More)
Disruption of circadian rhythm is believed to play a critical role in cancer development. To gain further insights into the roles of circadian genes in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), we analyzed peripheral blood from 53 healthy individuals and 35 CML patients for the expression of the nine circadian genes. The expression levels of hPER1, hPER2, hPER3,(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic hyperglycemia-associated inflammation plays critical roles in disease initiation and the progression of diabetic complications, including Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the association of chronic hyperglycemia with acute inflammation of the central nervous system in the progression of AD still needs to be elucidated. In addition,(More)
Chrysin, 5,7-dihydroxyflavone, possesses many biologic properties. This study aimed to investigate the effects and molecular mechanisms of chrysin on IL-6-induced angiogenesis in vitro and in ovo. Chicken chorioallantoic membrane assay, an in ovo angiogenesis assay, showed chrysin significantly suppressed IL-6-induced neovascularization. Furthermore,(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE The early diagnosis and appropriate management of spinal tuberculosis (TB) is challenging for clinicians. This study aimed to characterize the clinical features and factors affecting treatment outcomes. METHODS A retrospective study of patients with spinal TB over a 7-year period at a medical center in southern Taiwan was conducted.(More)
The inducible isoform of nitric-oxide synthase (NOS2), a key enzyme catalyzing the dramatic increase in nitric oxide by lipopolysaccharide (LPS), plays an important role in the pathophysiology of endotoxemia and sepsis. Recent evidence suggests that Ets transcription factors may contribute to NOS2 induction by inflammatory stimuli. In this study, we(More)
Traditional culture, followed by a panel of biochemical tests for the diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB), is time-consuming, and rapid identification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is crucial for the early administration of appropriate therapy. In this study, the reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification combined with enzyme-linked(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Genitourinary tuberculosis is the second most common disease form of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. This study analyzed the clinical characteristics and outcome in 31 patients with genitourinary tuberculosis treated between 1994 and 2004 at a tertiary medical center in southern Taiwan. METHODS Data were collected by chart review.(More)