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Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is a Gram-negative, biofilm-forming bacterium. Although generally regarded as an organism of low virulence, S. maltophilia is an emerging multi-drug resistant opportunistic pathogen in hospital and community settings, especially among immunocompromised hosts. Risk factors associated with S. maltophilia infection include(More)
To examine the role of heme oxygenase (HO)-1 in the pathophysiology of vascular diseases, we generated mice deficient in both HO-1 and apolipoprotein E (HO-1-/-apoE-/-). Despite similar total plasma cholesterol levels in response to hypercholesterolemia, HO-1-/-apoE-/- mice, in comparison with HO-1+/+apoE-/- mice, had an accelerated and more advanced(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic hyperglycemia-associated inflammation plays critical roles in disease initiation and the progression of diabetic complications, including Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the association of chronic hyperglycemia with acute inflammation of the central nervous system in the progression of AD still needs to be elucidated. In addition,(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to assess the in vitro activities of nemonoxacin against Gram-positive cocci with various resistance phenotypes. METHODS MICs of nemonoxacin were determined for 798 recently collected (2005-07) and non-duplicate isolates of Gram-positive cocci by the agar dilution method. These isolates included:(More)
Cysteine-rich protein (CRP)2 is a member of the LIM-only CRP family that is expressed in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). To gain insight into the transcription of CSRP2 (gene name for CRP2) in VSMC, we analyzed the 5'-flanking sequence of the CSRP2 gene. We showed previously that 4,855 bp of the 5'-flanking sequence of the CSRP2 gene directed lacZ(More)
OBJECTIVES This prospective study was designed to compare the efficacies of levofloxacin-containing and high-dose metronidazole-containing quadruple therapies after failure of standard triple therapies. METHODS A total of 150 Helicobacter pylori-infected patients were enrolled in our study and randomly assigned to levofloxacin-containing quadruple therapy(More)
The Tigecycline In Vitro Surveillance in Taiwan (TIST) study, a nationwide, prospective surveillance during 2006 to 2010, collected a total of 7,793 clinical isolates, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) (n = 1,834), penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae (PRSP) (n = 423), vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) (n = 219),(More)
Most cases of adult-onset tuberculosis (TB) result from reactivation of a pre-existing Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. Mycobacterium tuberculosis usually invades the respiratory tract and most patients develop intrapulmonary TB; however, some patients develop concurrent pulmonary and extra-pulmonary TB. The purpose of the present study was to identify(More)
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is a cytoprotective enzyme that is acutely induced by inflammatory stimuli, and the products of HO-1-mediated heme degradation have anti-inflammatory properties. In many different pathophysiologic states, the up-regulation of HO-1 has been shown to be beneficial in combating the detrimental consequences of increased inflammation. Ets(More)
BACKGROUND The clinical characteristics of Q fever are poorly identified in the tropics. Fever with pneumonia or hepatitis are the dominant presentations of acute Q fever, which exhibits geographic variability. In southern Taiwan, which is located in a tropical region, the role of Q fever in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) has never been investigated. (More)