Yen-Chun Ho

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Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) of the arterial wall play a critical role in the development of occlusive vascular diseases. Cysteine-rich protein 2 (CRP2) is a VSMC-expressed LIM-only protein, which functionally limits VSMC migration and protects against pathological vascular remodeling. The multifunctional cytokine TGFβ has been implicated to play a(More)
The intrinsic defense mechanisms of the body are critical in protecting tissues from injury in response to pathological stress. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), a stress response protein, is induced in response to various pathological stimuli to serve a cytoprotective function. By degrading the oxidant heme and generating the antioxidant bilirubin and(More)
Cardiovascular disease accounts for 1 of every 2.9 deaths in the United States, thus the burden of the disease remains high. Given the high mortality and escalating healthcare cost for the disease, it is of urgent need to treat cardiovascular disease effectively. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) catalyzes the oxidation of heme to generate carbon monoxide,(More)
AIMS Cysteine-rich protein (CRP) 2, a member of the LIM-only CRP family that contains two LIM domains, is expressed in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) of blood vessels and functions to repress VSMC migration and vascular remodelling. The goal of this study was to define the molecular mechanisms by which CRP2 regulates VSMC migration. METHODS AND(More)
The effects of gonadal steroids on glutamate-mediated pelvic nerve-to-urethra reflex (PUR) plasticity were investigated in rats, which received a sham operation (Sham), ovariectomy (OVX), or ovariectomy with daily supplemental estrogen (50 microg/kg, OVX + E2). The magnitude of the repetitive stimulation (RS, 1 Hz)-induced potentiation in PUR activity(More)
The extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) cascades are suggested to contribute to excitatory plasticity in the CNS, including the spinal cord. This study investigated whether the ERK involves in the repetitive stimulation-induced spinal reflex potentiation (SRP) in the pelvic nerve-to-external urethra sphincter reflex activities. External urethra(More)
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a chronic but often fatal disease in elderly population. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is a stress response protein with antioxidative and anti-inflammatory properties. HO-1 has been shown to protect against atherogenesis and arterial intimal thickening. Emerging evidences suggest that AAA and arterial occlusive disease have(More)
5-Methoxytryptophan (5-MTP), a 5-methoxyindole metabolite of tryptophan metabolism, was recently shown to suppress inflammatory mediator-induced cancer cell proliferation and migration. However, the role of 5-MTP in vascular disease is unknown. In this study, we investigated whether 5-MTP protects against vascular remodeling following arterial injury.(More)
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