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Heterogeneity in the transmission rates of pathogens across hosts or environments may produce disease hotspots, which are defined as specific sites, times or species associations in which the infection rate is consistently elevated. Hotspots for avian influenza virus (AIV) in wild birds are largely unstudied and poorly understood. A striking feature is the(More)
Geographical scope: With the exception of India and Pakistan, the range of the Lesser Flamingo is fully included within the AEWA geographic scope. This action plan covers the entire African, South Asian and SW Asian Lesser Flamingo breeding and non-breeding range. It requires implementation in the following 12 countries regularly supporting >1% of the(More)
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