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Consumers increasingly rate, review and research products online (Jansen, 2010; Litvin et al., 2008). Consequently, websites containing consumer reviews are becoming targets of opinion spam. While recent work has focused primarily on manually identifiable instances of opinion spam, in this work we study deceptive opinion spam—fictitious opinions that have(More)
Vancouver, October 2005. OpinionFinder: A system for subjectivity analysis Theresa Wilson‡, Paul Hoffmann‡, Swapna Somasundaran†, Jason Kessler†, Janyce Wiebe†‡, Yejin Choi§, Claire Cardie§, Ellen Riloff∗, Siddharth Patwardhan∗ ‡Intelligent Systems Program, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260 †Department of Computer Science, University of(More)
We posit that visually descriptive language offers computer vision researchers both information about the world, and information about how people describe the world. The potential benefit from this source is made more significant due to the enormous amount of language data easily available today. We present a system to automatically generate natural(More)
Determining the polarity of a sentimentbearing expression requires more than a simple bag-of-words approach. In particular, words or constituents within the expression can interact with each other to yield a particular overall polarity. In this paper, we view such subsentential interactions in light of compositional semantics, and present a novel(More)
Recent systems have been developed for sentiment classification, opinion recognition, and opinion analysis (e.g., detecting polarity and strength). We pursue another aspect of opinion analysis: identifying the sources of opinions, emotions, and sentiments. We view this problem as an information extraction task and adopt a hybrid approach that combines(More)
We present a holistic data-driven approach to image description generation, exploiting the vast amount of (noisy) parallel image data and associated natural language descriptions available on the web. More specifically, given a query image, we retrieve existing human-composed phrases used to describe visually similar images, then selectively combine those(More)
We present an approach for the joint extraction of entities and relations in the context of opinion recognition and analysis. We identify two types of opinion-related entities — expressions of opinions and sources of opinions — along with the linking relation that exists between them. Inspired by Roth and Yih (2004), we employ an integer linear programming(More)
Understanding the connotation of words plays an important role in interpreting subtle shades of sentiment beyond denotative or surface meaning of text, as seemingly objective statements often allude nuanced sentiment of the writer, and even purposefully conjure emotion from the readers’ minds. The focus of this paper is drawing nuanced, connotative(More)