Yein-Gei Lai

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Mice devoid of the IL-15 system lose over 90% of CD8alphaalpha(+) TCRalphabeta and TCRgammadelta intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes (iIELs). Previous work revealed that IL-15Ralpha and IL-15 expressed by parenchymal cells, but not by bone marrow-derived cells, are required for normal CD8alphaalpha(+) iIEL homeostasis. However, it remains unclear when(More)
CD8 single-positive cells, including CD8alphaalpha+ and CD8alphabeta+ subsets, constitute the majority of TCRalphabeta+ intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes (alphabeta iIEL) in mice. CD8+ alphabeta iIEL show significantly weaker responses to TCR stimulation in the presence of exogenous IL-2 than do CD8+ T cells of the central immune system. IL-15 is a T(More)
Mice that lack IL-15 or the IL-15R alpha-chain (IL-15Ralpha) are deficient in peripheral CD8(+), but not in CD4(+), T cells. This CD8(+) T cell-specific deficiency has now been investigated further by characterization of a new strain of IL-15Ralpha(-/-) mice. The adult mutant mice exhibited a specific reduction in the percentage of CD8-single positive(More)
IL-15 is an essential survival factor for CD8αα(+) intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes (iIELs) in vitro and in vivo. However, the IL-15-induced survival signals in primary CD8αα(+) iIELs remains elusive. Although Bcl-2 level in CD8αα(+) iIELs positively correlates with IL-15Rα expression in the intestinal epithelial cells, overexpression of Bcl-2 only(More)
CD8 single-positive (CD8+) T cells in murine intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes (iIEL) consist of alpha alpha-CD8+ and alpha beta-CD8+ subpopulations. Cytotoxicity represents an important function of peripheral CD8+ T cells, so we examined perforin-granzymebased and Fas-based cytotoxicity of activated CD8+ TCR-alpha beta+ iIEL subsets. We found that(More)
NK cell development and homeostasis require IL-15 produced by both hematopoietic and parenchymal cells. Certain hematopoietic IL-15 sources, such as macrophages and dendritic cells, are known, whereas the source of parenchymal IL-15 remains elusive. Using two types of adipocyte-specific Il15(-/-) mice, we identified adipocytes as a parenchymal IL-15 source(More)
The CD8+CD4- (CD8+) murine small intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) contain two subpopulations, one expressing alpha alpha-CD8 homodimers and another alpha beta-CD8 heterodimers. In this study, plate-bound anti-TCR beta-chain (TCR-beta) mAb alone or combined with anti-CD28 mAb is used as a model system to study activation requirement of these two(More)
The interleukin-15 (IL-15) system is important for regulating both innate and adaptive immune responses, however, its role in autoimmune disease remained unclear. Here we found that Il15(-/-) and Il15ra(-/-) mice spontaneously developed late-onset autoimmune phenotypes. CD4(+) T cells of the knockout mice showed elevated autoreactivity as demonstrated by(More)
The development of invariant NKT (iNKT) cells depends on the thymus. After positive selection by CD4(+)CD8(+)CD1d(+) cortical thymocytes, iNKT cells proceed from CD44(low)NK1.1(-) (stage 1) to CD44(high)NK1.1(-) (stage 2), and then to CD44(high)NK1.1(+) (stage 3) cells. The programming of cytokine production occurs along the three differentiation stages,(More)
Translationally controlled tumor protein (TCTP) is expressed throughout T cell development and prominently induced following T cell activation. However, its function(s) during these processes is unclear. Here, we demonstrated that conditional deletion of TCTP before the beta selection checkpoint resulted into a partial block of thymocyte development at the(More)