Yehudit Birger

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The mouse Snrpn gene encodes the Smn protein, which is involved in RNA splicing. The gene maps to a region in the central part of chromosome 7 that is syntenic to the Prader-Willi/Angelman syndromes (PWS-AS) region on human chromosome 15q11-q13. The mouse gene, like its human counterpart, is imprinted and paternally expressed, primarily in brain and heart.(More)
BACKGROUND Children with Down's syndrome have a greatly increased risk of acute megakaryoblastic and acute lymphoblastic leukaemias. Acute megakaryoblastic leukaemia in Down's syndrome is characterised by a somatic mutation in GATA1. Constitutive activation of the JAK/STAT (Janus kinase and signal transducer and activator of transcription) pathway occurs in(More)
We report that HMGN1, a nucleosome binding protein that destabilizes the higher-order chromatin structure, modulates the repair rate of ultraviolet light (UV)-induced DNA lesions in chromatin. Hmgn1(-/-) mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) are hypersensitive to UV, and the removal rate of photoproducts from the chromatin of Hmgn1(-/-) MEFs is decreased as(More)
Condensation of the chromatin fiber and transcriptional inhibition during mitosis is associated with the redistribution of many DNA- and chromatin-binding proteins, including members of the high-mobility-group N (HMGN) family. Here we study the mechanism governing the organization of HMGN proteins in mitosis. Using site-specific antibodies and quantitative(More)
We find that during embryogenesis the expression of HMGN1, a nuclear protein that binds to nucleosomes and reduces the compaction of the chromatin fiber, is progressively down-regulated throughout the entire embryo, except in committed but continuously renewing cell types, such as the basal layer of the epithelium. In the developing limb bud, the expression(More)
The Ets-related gene (ERG) is an Ets-transcription factor required for normal blood stem cell development. ERG expression is down-regulated during early T-lymphopoiesis but maintained in T-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL), where it is recognized as an independent risk factor for adverse outcome. However, it is unclear whether ERG is directly involved in(More)
Here we demonstrate that HMGN1, a nuclear protein that binds to nucleosomes and reduces the compaction of the chromatin fiber, modulates histone posttranslational modifications. In Hmgn1-/- cells, loss of HMGN1 elevates the steady-state levels of phospho-S10-H3 and enhances the rate of stress-induced phosphorylation of S10-H3. In vitro, HMGN1 reduces the(More)
We report that loss of HMGN1, a nucleosome-binding protein that alters the compaction of the chromatin fiber, increases the cellular sensitivity to ionizing radiation and the tumor burden of mice. The mortality and tumor burden of ionizing radiation-treated Hmgn1-/- mice is higher than that of their Hmgn1+/+ littermates. Hmgn1-/- fibroblasts have an altered(More)
Genome-encoded microRNAs (miRNAs) provide a posttranscriptional regulatory layer that controls the differentiation and function of various cellular systems, including hematopoietic cells. miR-142 is one of the most prevalently expressed miRNAs within the hematopoietic lineage. To address the in vivo functions of miR-142, we utilized a novel reporter and a(More)
HMGN1 (HMG-14) and HMGN2 (HMG-17) are nuclear proteins that bind specifically to nucleosomes, reduce the compactness of the chromatin fiber, and enhance transcription from chromatin templates. Here we report that many vertebrates contain an additional type of HMGN protein named HMGN3 (Trip 7). The human HMGN3 gene is located on chromosome 6 and spans 32(More)