Yehuda G Assaraf

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Transfection of multidrug resistance proteins (MRPs) MRP1 and MRP2 in human ovarian carcinoma 2008 cells conferred a marked level of resistance to short-term (1-4 h) exposure to the polyglutamatable antifolates methotrexate (MTX; 21-74-fold), ZD1694 (4-138-fold), and GW1843 (101-156-fold). Evidence for MRP-mediated antifolate efflux relies upon the(More)
Proteasome inhibition is a novel treatment for several hematological malignancies. However, resistance to the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib (BTZ, Velcade) is an emerging clinical impediment. Mutations in the β5 subunit of the proteasome, the primary target of BTZ, have been associated with drug resistance. However, the exact mechanism by which these(More)
The proteasome inhibitor bortezomib is a novel anticancer drug that has shown promise in the treatment of refractory multiple myeloma. However, its clinical efficacy has been hampered by the emergence of drug-resistance phenomena, the molecular basis of which remains elusive. Toward this end, we here developed high levels (45- to 129-fold) of acquired(More)
Hereditary folate malabsorption (HFM) patients harbor inactivating mutations including R113S in the proton-coupled folate transporter (PCFT), an intestinal folate transporter with optimal activity at acidic pH. Here we identified and characterized a novel R113C mutation residing in the highly conserved first intracellular loop of PCFT. Stable transfectants(More)
Folates play a key role in one-carbon metabolism essential for the biosynthesis of purines, thymidylate and hence DNA replication. The antifolate methotrexate has been rationally-designed nearly 60 years ago to potently block the folate-dependent enzyme dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) thereby achieving temporary remissions in childhood acute leukemia.(More)
CEM/MTX is a subline of human CCRF-CEM leukemia cells which displays >200-fold resistance to methotrexate (MTX) due to defective transport via the reduced folate carrier (RFC). CEM/MTX-low folate (LF) cells, derived by a gradual deprivation of folic acid from 2.3 microM to 2 nM (LF) in the cell culture medium of CEM/MTX cells, resulted in a >20-fold(More)
Members of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters including P-glycoprotein (Pgp/ABCB1), multidrug resistance proteins (MRPs/ABCC) as well as breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP/ABCG2) function as ATP-dependent drug efflux transporters, which form a unique defense network against multiple chemotherapeutic drugs and cellular toxins. Among antitumor(More)
Breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP/ABCG2) is currently the only ABC transporter that exports mono- and polyglutamates of folates and methotrexate (MTX). Here we explored the relationship between cellular folate status and BCRP expression. Toward this end, MCF-7 breast cancer cells, with low BCRP and moderate multidrug resistance protein 1 (MRP1/ABCC1)(More)
Zinc is an essential mineral, and infants are particularly vulnerable to zinc deficiency as they require large amounts of zinc for their normal growth and development. We have recently described the first loss-of-function mutation (H54R) in the zinc transporter ZnT-2 (SLC30A2) in mothers with infants harboring transient neonatal zinc deficiency (TNZD). Here(More)
The successful lowering of the intracellular concentration of multidrug resistance (MDR)-type drugs by P-glycoprotein (Pgp) relies on its ability to overcome the passive influx rate of each MDR-type drug. Thus, the aim of the present work was to study the effect of passive transbilayer drug movement on the multidrug resistance and its modulation.(More)