Yehuda Benguigui

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The Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) strategy has helped strengthen the application and expand coverage of key child survival interventions aimed at preventing deaths from infectious disease, respiratory illness, and malnutrition, whether at the health services, in the community, or at home. IMCI covers the prevention, treatment, and(More)
Two different socioeconomic groups of children with pneumonia were studied, and their clinical and demographic aspects were evaluated. The diagnosis of pneumonia was based on findings of cough and tachypnea, or on crackles on auscultation or on radiologically confirmed infiltrate. This was a prospective cross-sectional study conducted at the Professor(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the presence of in vitro penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae increases the risk of clinical failure in children hospitalised with severe pneumonia and treated with penicillin/ampicillin. DESIGN Multicentre, prospective, observational study. SETTING 12 tertiary-care centres in three countries in Latin America. (More)
We compared bacteremic pneumococcal pneumonia (BPP) and pneumococcal empyema (PE), in terms of clinical, radiological, and laboratory findings, in under-fives. A cross-sectional nested cohort study, involving under-fives (102 with PE and 128 with BPP), was conducted at 12 centers in Argentina, Brazil, and the Dominican Republic. Among those with PE, mean(More)
Antimicrobials and dosing regimens that have equivalent bacteriological efficacy against susceptible pathogens can have significantly different bacteriological success rates against resistant strains of the same species (Dagan, 2003). Pneumococcal strains are the most frequent pathogens identified among children with bacterial pneumonia and resistance to(More)
Pneumonia is one of the leading causes of hospitalization and death among children in developing countries, and mortality due to pneumonia has been associated with S. pneumoniae infection. This investigation was designed to describe the antimicrobial susceptibility and serotype patterns of pneumococcal strains recovered from the blood of children with(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine which available information at an Emergency Room (ER) consultation is associated with hospitalization or death among children with pneumonia. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING The ER of one university and one private hospital. MEASUREMENT Using stepwise logistic regression we analyzed factors that showed a univariate(More)
BACKGROUND Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a leading cause of childhood death. There are few published reports of radiographic findings among children with severe CAP. OBJECTIVE To describe chest X-ray (CXR) findings and assess association between these radiographic findings and pneumococcal isolation in children with severe CAP. METHODS A(More)
As infecções respiratórias agudas (IRA) são importante causa de morbidade e mortalidade em menores de cinco anos. Importantes contrastes são observados em relação a isto nos diferentes países das Américas, e também entre regiões ou estados de um mesmo país. A morbidade está associdada a vários fatores, especialmente com a situação nutricional das pacientes(More)