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The protein kinase C (PKC) family is implicated in cardiac hypertrophy, contractile failure, and beta-adrenergic receptor (betaAR) dysfunction. Herein, we describe the effects of gain- and loss-of-PKCalpha function using transgenic expression of conventional PKC isoform translocation modifiers. In contrast to previously studied PKC isoforms, activation of(More)
Abnormal calcium cycling, characteristic of experimental and human heart failure, is associated with impaired sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium uptake activity. This reflects decreases in the cAMP-pathway signaling and increases in type 1 phosphatase activity. The increased protein phosphatase 1 activity is partially due to dephosphorylation and inactivation(More)
Regulating the balance between synthesis and proteasomal degradation of cellular proteins is essential for tissue growth and maintenance, but the critical pathways regulating protein ubiquitination and degradation are incompletely defined. Although participation of calpain calcium-activated proteases in post-necrotic myocardial autolysis is well(More)
To delineate the in vivo cardiac functions requiring normal delta protein kinase C (PKC) activity, we pursued loss-of-function through transgenic expression of a deltaPKC-specific translocation inhibitor protein fragment, deltaV1, in mouse hearts. Initial results using the mouse alpha-myosin heavy chain (alphaMHC) promoter resulted in a lethal heart failure(More)
Hundreds of signaling molecules have been assigned critical roles in the pathogenesis of myocardial hypertrophy and heart failure based on cardiac phenotypes from alpha-myosin heavy chain-directed overexpression mice. Because permanent ventricular transgene expression in this system begins during a period of rapid physiological neonatal growth, resulting(More)
BACKGROUND Phospholamban (PLN) is an inhibitor of the Ca2+ affinity of sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA2). The amino acid sequence of PLN is highly conserved, and although all species contain asparagine (Asn), human PLN is unique in containing lysine (Lys) at amino acid 27. METHODS AND RESULTS Human PLN was introduced in the null background.(More)
Introduction Ischemic pre-conditioning, which is defined as the resistance of heart tissue to prolonged ischemia after an initial period of transient ischemia, is the second most significant form of myocardial protection, after reperfusion therapy known to date.1,2 Six protein kinase C (PKC) enzymes have been shown to translocate to the membrane upon(More)
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