Learn More
The protein kinase C (PKC) family is implicated in cardiac hypertrophy, contractile failure, and beta-adrenergic receptor (betaAR) dysfunction. Herein, we describe the effects of gain- and loss-of-PKCalpha function using transgenic expression of conventional PKC isoform translocation modifiers. In contrast to previously studied PKC isoforms, activation of(More)
Abnormal calcium cycling, characteristic of experimental and human heart failure, is associated with impaired sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium uptake activity. This reflects decreases in the cAMP-pathway signaling and increases in type 1 phosphatase activity. The increased protein phosphatase 1 activity is partially due to dephosphorylation and inactivation(More)
Up-regulation of myocardial Nix and BNip3 is associated with apoptosis in cardiac hypertrophy and ischemia, respectively. To identify mechanisms of gene regulation for these critical cardiac apoptosis effectors, the determinants of Nix and BNip3 promoter activation were elucidated by luciferase reporter gene expression in neonatal rat cardiac myocytes.(More)
Catecholaminergic activation of myocardial beta-adrenergic receptors (betaAR) is the principle mechanism regulating cardiac function. Agonists desensitize betaAR through G protein-coupled receptor kinase-mediated uncoupling and beta-arrestin-mediated internalization. Although inhibition of myocardial G protein-coupled receptor kinase-2 enhances cardiac(More)
To delineate the in vivo cardiac functions requiring normal delta protein kinase C (PKC) activity, we pursued loss-of-function through transgenic expression of a deltaPKC-specific translocation inhibitor protein fragment, deltaV1, in mouse hearts. Initial results using the mouse alpha-myosin heavy chain (alphaMHC) promoter resulted in a lethal heart failure(More)
Regulating the balance between synthesis and proteasomal degradation of cellular proteins is essential for tissue growth and maintenance, but the critical pathways regulating protein ubiquitination and degradation are incompletely defined. Although participation of calpain calcium-activated proteases in post-necrotic myocardial autolysis is well(More)
Hundreds of signaling molecules have been assigned critical roles in the pathogenesis of myocardial hypertrophy and heart failure based on cardiac phenotypes from alpha-myosin heavy chain-directed overexpression mice. Because permanent ventricular transgene expression in this system begins during a period of rapid physiological neonatal growth, resulting(More)
G-protein receptor kinase 2 (GRK2) is 1 of 7 mammalian GRKs that phosphorylate ligand-bound 7-transmembrane receptors, causing receptor uncoupling from G proteins and potentially activating non-G-protein signaling pathways. GRK2 is unique among members of the GRK family in that its genetic ablation causes embryonic lethality. Cardiac abnormalities in GRK2(More)
Defects in the pathways that regulate cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) calcium (Ca) cycling represent prime targets for driving the deterioration of function and progression to heart failure. We hypothesized that the histidine-rich Ca binding protein (HRC) in the SR may be involved in SR Ca cycling and that alterations in HRC levels would result in(More)
BACKGROUND Phospholamban (PLN) is an inhibitor of the Ca2+ affinity of sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA2). The amino acid sequence of PLN is highly conserved, and although all species contain asparagine (Asn), human PLN is unique in containing lysine (Lys) at amino acid 27. METHODS AND RESULTS Human PLN was introduced in the null background.(More)