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The structures of membrane receptors mediating rapid, nongenomic actions of steroids have not been identified. We describe the cloning of a cDNA from spotted seatrout ovaries encoding a protein that satisfies the following seven criteria for its designation as a steroid membrane receptor: plausible structure, tissue specificity, cellular distribution,(More)
Although nonclassical estrogen actions initiated at the cell surface have been described in many tissues, the identities of the membrane estrogen receptors (mERs) mediating these actions remain unclear. Here we show that GPR30, an orphan receptor unrelated to nuclear estrogen receptors, has all the binding and signaling characteristics of a mER. A(More)
Progestin withdrawal is a crucial event for the onset of labor in many mammalian species. However, in humans the mechanism of a functional progestin withdrawal is unclear, because progestin concentrations do not drop in maternal plasma preceding labor. We report the presence of two novel functional membrane progestin receptors (mPRs), mPRalpha and mPRbeta,(More)
A novel progestin receptor (mPR) with seven-transmembrane domains was recently discovered in spotted seatrout and homologous genes were identified in other vertebrates. We show that cDNAs for the mPR alpha subtypes from spotted seatrout (st-mPRalpha) and humans (hu-mPRalpha) encode progestin receptors that display many functional characteristics of G(More)
In most teleosts, 17alpha,20beta-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one (DHP) serves as the most potent maturation-inducing steroid (MIS) to initiate final oocyte maturation. The maturational competence or the responsiveness of oocytes to DHP increases when the ovarian follicles approach the final stage of growth. In the zebrafish, we demonstrated in the present study(More)
G protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30), a seven-transmembrane receptor (7TMR), is associated with rapid estrogen-dependent, G protein signaling and specific estrogen binding. At present, the subcellular site of GPR30 action is unclear. Previous studies using antibodies and fluorochrome-labeled estradiol (E2) have failed to detect GPR30 on the cell surface,(More)
Progesterone's (P4) negative feedback actions in the female reproductive axis are exerted in part by suppression of hypothalamic GnRH release. Here we show that P4 can inhibit GnRH release by a mechanism independent of a nuclear P4 receptor (PR(A/B)). Injections of P4, but not vehicle, allopregnanolone, or dexamethasone, acutely suppressed LH levels in both(More)
We have previously demonstrated that both activin and its receptors are expressed in the zebrafish ovary, suggesting paracrine roles for activin in the ovarian functions. Activin significantly stimulated zebrafish oocyte maturation in vitro, and this effect could be blocked by follistatin, an activin-binding protein. Interestingly, follistatin also blocked(More)
Epidermal growth factor (EGF) and TGFalpha are well known for their activities in the ovary. Both factors initiate signal transduction by binding to the common EGF receptor that has been demonstrated in the ovary across vertebrates from fish to humans. Using zebrafish as the model, we demonstrated in the present study that recombinant human EGF and TGFalpha(More)
Although there is significant evidence for progesterone's role as an immunomodulator, nuclear progesterone receptors have not been consistently identified in immune cells. Recently, three new putative membrane progesterone receptors (mPRs), mPRalpha, mPRbeta, and mPRgamma have been described. The objective of this study was to examine whether mPRs are(More)