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Although nonclassical estrogen actions initiated at the cell surface have been described in many tissues, the identities of the membrane estrogen receptors (mERs) mediating these actions remain unclear. Here we show that GPR30, an orphan receptor unrelated to nuclear estrogen receptors, has all the binding and signaling characteristics of a mER. A(More)
The structures of membrane receptors mediating rapid, nongenomic actions of steroids have not been identified. We describe the cloning of a cDNA from spotted seatrout ovaries encoding a protein that satisfies the following seven criteria for its designation as a steroid membrane receptor: plausible structure, tissue specificity, cellular distribution,(More)
Progestin withdrawal is a crucial event for the onset of labor in many mammalian species. However, in humans the mechanism of a functional progestin withdrawal is unclear, because progestin concentrations do not drop in maternal plasma preceding labor. We report the presence of two novel functional membrane progestin receptors (mPRs), mPRalpha and mPRbeta,(More)
A novel progestin receptor (mPR) with seven-transmembrane domains was recently discovered in spotted seatrout and homologous genes were identified in other vertebrates. We show that cDNAs for the mPR alpha subtypes from spotted seatrout (st-mPRalpha) and humans (hu-mPRalpha) encode progestin receptors that display many functional characteristics of G(More)
Although there is significant evidence for progesterone's role as an immunomodulator, nuclear progesterone receptors have not been consistently identified in immune cells. Recently, three new putative membrane progesterone receptors (mPRs), mPRalpha, mPRbeta, and mPRgamma have been described. The objective of this study was to examine whether mPRs are(More)
Progestin hormones exert rapid, nongenomic actions on a variety of target tissues in fish. The induction of oocyte maturation and the progestin membrane receptor (mPR) that mediates this action of progestins have been well characterized in fishes. Progestins also act on Atlantic croaker spermatozoa via an mPR to rapidly increase sperm motility. Preliminary(More)
In most teleosts, 17alpha,20beta-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one (DHP) serves as the most potent maturation-inducing steroid (MIS) to initiate final oocyte maturation. The maturational competence or the responsiveness of oocytes to DHP increases when the ovarian follicles approach the final stage of growth. In the zebrafish, we demonstrated in the present study(More)
The zebrafish nuclear progestin receptor (nPR; official symbol PGR) was identified and characterized to better understand its role in regulating reproduction in this well-established teleost model. A full-length cDNA was identified that encoded a 617-amino acid residue protein with high homology to PGRs in other vertebrates, and contained five domains(More)
Estrogen inhibition of oocyte maturation (OM) and the role of GPER (formerly known as GPR30) were investigated in zebrafish. Estradiol-17beta (E2) and G-1, a GPER-selective agonist, bound to zebrafish oocyte membranes suggesting the presence of GPER which was confirmed by immunocytochemistry using a specific GPER antibody. Incubation of follicle-enclosed(More)
G protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30), a seven-transmembrane receptor (7TMR), is associated with rapid estrogen-dependent, G protein signaling and specific estrogen binding. At present, the subcellular site of GPR30 action is unclear. Previous studies using antibodies and fluorochrome-labeled estradiol (E2) have failed to detect GPR30 on the cell surface,(More)