Yee Cheong Lam

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The study presents a dielectrophoretic cell separation method via three-dimensional (3D) nonuniform electric fields generated by employing a periodic array of discrete but locally asymmetric triangular bottom microelectrodes and a continuous top electrode. Traversing through the microelectrodes, heterogeneous cells are electrically polarized to experience(More)
This paper investigates the phenomenon of Faradaic charging in ac electrokinetics. Faradaic reactions were suggested as a key effect responsible for the reversal of pumping direction in ac micropumps. However, this hypothesis has yet to be proven convincingly and directly. Here we present an ion detection strategy to determine the production of ions through(More)
A gecko's superb ability to adhere to surfaces is widely credited to the large attachment area of the hierarchical and fibrillar structure on its feet. The combination of these two features provides the necessary compliance for the gecko toe-pad to effectively engage a high percentage of the spatulae at each step to any kind of surface topography. With the(More)
This paper presents a novel approach of mixing two laminar flowing streams in microchannels. The mixer consists of a pair of electrodes disposed along a fluidic channel. By energizing the electrodes with a DC-biased (2.5 V) AC voltage (20 Vpp), an electrokinetic flow is induced with a flow profile perpendicular to that of the incoming laminar streams of(More)
We present a new approach to enhance mixing in T-type micromixers by introducing a constriction in the microchannel under periodic electro-osmotic flow. Two sinusoidal ac electric fields with 180 degrees phase difference and similar dc bias are applied at the two inlets. The out of phase ac electric field induces oscillation of fluid interface at the(More)
Soft lithography technology allows for the development of numerous PDMS-based microfluidic devices for manipulation of particles and cells. However, integrating metallic electrodes with PDMS-based channel structures is challenging due to weak adhesion between metal and PDMS. To overcome this issue, we develop a new PDMS-based microfluidic device for(More)
We exploited the viscoelasticity of biocompatible dilute polymeric solutions, namely, dilute poly(ethylene oxide) solutions, to significantly enhance mixing in microfluidic devices at a very small Reynolds number, i.e., Re approximately 0.023, but large Peclet and elasticity numbers. With an abrupt contraction microgeometry (8:1 contraction ratio), two(More)
The effect of ionic strength on the rheological behavior of model pH-responsive nanocolloidal systems consisting of methacrylic acid-ethyl acrylate (MAA-EA) cross-linked with diallyl phthalate (DAP) was examined. Neutralization of acid groups increases the osmotic pressure exerted by counterions trapped in the polymeric network against ions in bulk(More)
The conventional microfluidic H filter is modified with multi-insulating blocks to achieve a flow-through manipulation and separation of microparticles. The device transports particles by exploiting electro-osmosis and electrophoresis, and manipulates particles by utilizing dielectrophoresis (DEP). Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) blocks fabricated in the main(More)
Moving dielectrophoresis has been recently developed by the authors as an alternative method to achieve simultaneous cell fractionation and transportation. With an array of independently excitable microelectrodes, this method generates a moving electric field to sequentially fractionate and transport cells across a microchannel. Due to the peculiarity of(More)