Yechezkel Barenholz

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In preclinical studies, a doxorubicin liposome formulation containing polyethylene-glycol (Doxil) shows a long circulation time in plasma, enhanced accumulation in murine tumors, and a superior therapeutic activity over free (unencapsulated) doxorubicin (DOX). The purpose of this study was to characterize the pharmacokinetics of Doxil in cancer patients in(More)
The changes in quantal transmitter release induced by egg phosphatidylcholine liposomes with different internal ionic composition were examined at the frog neuromuscular junction by using conventional electrophysiological techniques. It was found that liposomes containing calcium or sodium ions increase both evoked and spontaneous transmitter release, while(More)
Pharmacokinetic and imaging studies in 19 patients receiving liposome-entrapped adriamycin (L-ADM) were carried out within the framework of a Phase I clinical trial (Gabizon et al., 1989a). The formulation of L-ADM tested consisted of 0.2 microM-extruded multilamellar vesicles composed of egg phosphatidylcholine, egg-derived phosphatidyl-glycerol (PG),(More)
Nucleic acid delivery has many applications in basic science, biotechnology, agriculture, and medicine. One of the main applications is DNA or RNA delivery for gene therapy purposes. Gene therapy, an approach for treatment or prevention of diseases associated with defective gene expression, involves the insertion of a therapeutic gene into cells, followed(More)
This work describes a versatile and universal polycation system based on oligoamines grafted on natural polysaccharides that is capable of complexing various plasmids and administering them into various cells in high yield to produce a desired protein. These polycations are expected to better meet the requirements for effective complexation and delivery of(More)
Reactive oxygen species are involved in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS), Parkinson's disease and neurodegenerative diseases. Here we report that Tempamine (TMN), a stable radical with antioxidant and proapoptotic activities, when encapsulated in the intraliposome aqueous phase of pegylated (<100 nm) nanoliposomes (nSSL), is efficient in(More)
We report here the design, development and performance of a novel formulation of liposome- encapsulated glucocorticoids (GCs). A highly efficient (>90%) and stable GC encapsulation was obtained based on a transmembrane calcium acetate gradient driving the active accumulation of an amphipathic weak acid GC pro-drug into the intraliposome aqueous compartment,(More)
UNLABELLED Hypersensitivity reactions to liposomal drugs, often observed with Doxil and AmBisome, can arise from activation of the complement (C) system by phospholipid bilayers. To understand the mechanism of this adverse immune reaction called C activation-related pseudoallergy (CARPA), we analyzed the relationship among liposome features, C activation in(More)