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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are single-stranded noncoding RNAs of 19 to 25 nucleotides that function as gene regulators and as a host cell defense against both RNA and DNA viruses. We provide evidence for a physiological role of the miRNA-silencing machinery in controlling HIV-1 replication. Type III RNAses Dicer and Drosha, responsible for miRNA processing,(More)
Despite its expression in different cell types, transient receptor potential V2 (TRPV2) is still the most cryptic members of the TRPV channel family. 2-Aminoethoxydiphenyl borate (2APB) has been shown to be a common activator of TRPV1, TRPV2, and TRPV3, but 2APB-triggered TRPV2 activation remains to be thoroughly characterized. In this study, we have(More)
HIV-1 gene expression is the major determinant regulating the rate of virus replication and, consequently, AIDS progression. Following primary infection, most infected cells produce virus. However, a small population becomes latently infected and constitutes the viral reservoir. This stable viral reservoir seriously challenges the hope of complete viral(More)
SAMHD1 is a deoxynucleoside triphosphate triphosphohydrolase and a nuclease that restricts HIV-1 in noncycling cells. Germ-line mutations in SAMHD1 have been described in patients with Aicardi-Goutières syndrome (AGS), a congenital autoimmune disease. In a previous longitudinal whole genome sequencing study of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), we revealed(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) transcription relies on its transactivating Tat protein. Although devoid of a signal sequence, Tat is released by infected cells and secreted Tat can affect uninfected cells, thereby contributing to HIV-1 pathogenesis. The mechanism and the efficiency of Tat export remained to be documented. Here, we show that, in(More)
Currently, there is no treatment to cure transmissible spongiform encephalopathies. By taking advantage of the 'prion-resistant' polymorphisms Q171R and E219K that naturally exist in sheep and humans, respectively, we have evaluated a therapeutic approach of lentiviral gene transfer. Here, we show that VSV-G (vesicular stomatitis virus G glycoprotein)(More)
We have shown that the intensity of expression of the C-C chemokine receptor CCR5 at the single CD4(+) cell level strongly determines the efficiency of its function as a coreceptor for human immunodeficiency virus type 1. By analogy, we examined if the number of CCR5 molecules at the cell surface might determine its chemotactic response to CCR5 ligands. To(More)
BACKGROUND Morus alba has long been used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat inflammatory diseases; however, the scientific basis for such usage and the mechanism of action are not well understood. This study investigated the action of M. alba on leukocyte migration, one key step in inflammation. METHODS Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)(More)
The binding of R5 envelope to CCR5 during human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) entry provokes cell activation, which has so far been considered to have no effect on virus replication, since signaling-defective CCR5 molecules have been shown to function normally as HIV-1 coreceptors on transformed cells or mitogen-stimulated T lymphocytes. As the(More)
The development of multidrug-resistant viruses compromises antiretroviral therapy efficacy and limits therapeutic options. Therefore, it is an ongoing task to identify new targets for antiretroviral therapy and to develop new drugs. Here, we show that an indole derivative (IDC16) that interferes with exonic splicing enhancer activity of the SR protein(More)