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The NAR2 protein of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii has no known transport activity yet it is required for high-affinity nitrate uptake. Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) possesses two genes, AtNRT3.1 and AtNRT3.2, that are similar to the C. reinhardtii NAR2 gene. AtNRT3.1 accounts for greater than 99% of NRT3 mRNA and is induced 6-fold by nitrate. AtNRT3.2 was(More)
Existing music recommendation systems rely on collaborative filtering or content-based technologies to satisfy users' long-term music playing needs. Given the popularity of mobile music devices with rich sensing and wireless communication capabilities, we present in this paper a novel approach to employ contextual information collected with mobile devices(More)
Using a new Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) mutant (Atnrt2.1-nrt2.2) we confirm that concomitant disruption of NRT2.1 and NRT2.2 reduces inducible high-affinity transport system (IHATS) by up to 80%, whereas the constitutive high-affinity transport system (CHATS) was reduced by 30%. Nitrate influx via the low-affinity transport system (LATS) was(More)
Transmitting large packets over wireless networks helps to reduce header overhead, but may have an adverse effect on loss rate due to corruptions in a radio link. Packet loss in lower layers, however, is typically hidden from the upper protocol layers by link or MAC layer protocols. For this reason, errors in the physical layer are observed by the(More)
We propose a novel technique for the automatic classification of vocal and non-vocal regions in an acoustic musical signal. Our technique uses a combination of harmonic content attenuation using higher level musical knowledge of key followed by sub-band energy processing to obtain features from the musical audio signal. We employ a Multi-Model Hidden Markov(More)
Existing content-based music recommendation systems typically employ a \textit{two-stage} approach. They first extract traditional audio content features such as Mel-frequency cepstral coefficients and then predict user preferences. However, these traditional features, originally not created for music recommendation, cannot capture all relevant information(More)
High glycolysis, well known as "Warburg effect," is frequently observed in a variety of cancers. Whether the deregulation of miRNAs contributes to the Warburg effect remains largely unknown. Because miRNA regulates gene expression at both mRNA and protein levels, we constructed a gene functional association network, which allows us to detect the gene(More)
In western North America, the current outbreak of the mountain pine beetle (MPB) and its microbial associates has destroyed wide areas of lodgepole pine forest, including more than 16 million hectares in British Columbia. Grosmannia clavigera (Gc), a critical component of the outbreak, is a symbiont of the MPB and a pathogen of pine trees. To better(More)
GH18 chitinase is a multi-gene family. The family plays important physiological roles in Crustacea, e.g. ecdysis and defense against pathogen. However, data about GH18 family are rather limited in Crustacea. In the study, different cloning strategies were adopted to clone chitinase genes of Litopenaeus vannamei, which is the most widely cultured shrimp.(More)
Many large content publishers use multiple content distribution networks to deliver their content, and many commercial systems have become available to help a broader set of content publishers to benefit from using multiple distribution networks, which we refer to as <i>content multihoming</i>. In this paper, we conduct the first systematic study on(More)