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We report direct folding of a 17-residue helix protein (pdb:2I9M) by standard molecular dynamics simulation (single trajectory) at room temperature with implicit solvent. Starting from a fully extended structure, 2I9M successfully folds into the native conformation within 16 ns using adaptive hydrogen bond-specific charges to take into account the(More)
Conspectus Electrostatic interaction plays a significant role in determining many properties of biomolecules, which exist and function in aqueous solution, a highly polar environment. For example, proteins are composed of amino acids with charged, polar, and nonpolar side chains and their specific electrostatic properties are fundamental to the structure(More)
Ab initio quantum mechanical calculation of protein in solution is carried out to generate polarized protein-specific charge(s) (PPC) for molecular dynamics (MD) stimulation of protein. The quantum calculation of protein is made possible by developing a fragment-based quantum chemistry approach in combination with the implicit continuum solvent model. The(More)
Molecular dynamics simulations of NMR backbone relaxation order parameters have been carried out to investigate the polarization effect on the protein's local structure and dynamics for five benchmark proteins (bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor, immunoglobulin-binding domain (B1) of streptococcal protein G, bovine apo-calbindin D9K, human interleukin-4(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) reverse transcriptase (RT) plays an essential role in the life cycle of the virus. Therefore, RT has been a primary target in the development of antiviral agents against HIV-1. Given the prevalence of resistant viruses, evaluation of the resistance profile of potential drug candidates is a key step in drug(More)
Avidin-biotin is one of the strongest protein-ligand binding systems, with broad applications in biomedical science. Here we report a quantum-based computational study to help elucidate the mechanism of binding avidin to biotin (BTN1) and its close analogue, 2'-iminobiotin (BTN2). Our study reveals that electronic polarization of protein plays a critical(More)
Multiple single-trajectory molecular dynamics (MD) simulation at room temperature (300 K) in explicit water was carried out to study the folding dynamics of an α-helix (PDB 2I9M ) using a polarized charge scheme that includes electronic polarization of backbone hydrogen bonds. Starting from an extended conformation, the 17-residue peptide was successfully(More)
Molecular dynamics simulations followed by quantum mechanical calculation and Molecular Mechanics Poisson-Boltzmann Surface Area (MM-PBSA) analysis have been carried out to study binding of proline- and pyrazinone-based macrocyclic inhibitors (L86 and T76) to human alpha-thrombin. Detailed binding interaction energies between these inhibitors and individual(More)
Simulation result for protein folding/unfolding is highly dependent on the accuracy of the force field employed. Even for the simplest structure of protein such as a short helix, simulations using the existing force fields often fail to produce the correct structural/thermodynamic properties of the protein. Recent research indicated that lack of(More)
Molecular dynamics (MD) simulation has been carried out to study dynamical stability of intra-protein hydrogen bonds based on two set of atomic charges, the standard AMBER charge and the polarized protein-specific charge (PPC). The latter is derived from quantum mechanical calculation for protein in solution using a recently developed molecular(More)