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BACKGROUND Titanium elastic nails (TENs) are commonly used to repair displaced midshaft clavicular fractures. Although several clinical studies have shown that the use of TENs is more effective and less invasive than traditional plate fixation, high rates of complications associated with TENs have been reported. This retrospective study compared the use of(More)
One of the hallmarks of the pathology in Alzheimer's disease is the deposition of amyloid plaques throughout the brain, especially within the hippocampus and amygdala. Transgenic mice that overexpress the Swedish mutation of human amyloid precursor protein (hAPPswe; Tg2576) show age-dependent memory deficits in hippocampus-dependent learning tasks. However,(More)
In 1970, Drs. Said and Mutt isolated a novel peptide from porcine intestinal extracts with powerful vasoactive properties, and named it vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP). Since then, the biological actions of VIP in the gut as well as its signal transduction pathways have been extensively studied. A variety of in vitro and in vivo studies have indicated(More)
The pyrimidine nucleotide biosynthetic (pyr) operon of Bacillus subtilis is regulated by a transcriptional attenuation mechanism in which termination of transcription at points upstream of the genes being regulated is promoted by the binding of a regulatory protein, PyrR, to specific sequences in the pyr mRNA. Binding of PyrR to pyr mRNA is stimulated by(More)
The objectives of this study were to characterize the expression and function of monocarboxylate transporters (MCTs) in human kidney HK-2 cells and to compare the expression of MCTs in HK-2 cells to that found in human kidney. mRNA and protein expression of MCTs were determined by RT-PCR and Western analyses, respectively, while immunofluorescence staining(More)
H(2)S, a gaseous signalling molecule, relaxes blood vessels partly through activation of ATP-sensitive K(+) channels. It is however unclear whether H(2)S or its donors could affect other ion transporting proteins. The present study examined the hypothesis that NaHS, a H(2)S donor inhibits voltage-sensitive Ca(2+) channels and thus relaxes vascular smooth(More)
The cell of origin and the tumor microenvironment's role remain elusive for the most common peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCLs). As macrophages promote the growth and survival of malignant T cells and are abundant constituents of the tumor microenvironment, their functional polarization was examined in T-cell lymphoproliferative disorders. Cytokines that(More)
OBJECTIVE To research the chemical constituents from Gnaphalium hypoleucum. METHODS Compounds were separated by using silica gel, ODS, Sephadex LH-20 chromatography and their structures were elucidated by means of spectral data analysis. RESULTS Ten compounds were isolated and identified as tetracosanoic acid (1), 5-hydroxy-3,6,7,8-tetramethoxyflavone(More)
Expression of the Bacillus subtilis pyr operon is regulated by exogenous pyrimidines and the protein product of the first gene of the operon, PyrR. It has been proposed that PyrR mediates transcriptional attenuation at three untranslated segments of the operon (R.J. Turner, Y. Lu, and R.L. Switzer, J. Bacteriol., 176:3708-3722, 1994). In this study,(More)
Obesity, type 2 diabetes and associated metabolic diseases are characterized by low-grade systemic inflammation which involves interplay of nutrition and monocyte/macrophage functions. We suggested that some factors such as nutrient components, neuropeptides involved in the control of gastrointestinal functions, and gastrointestinal hormones might influence(More)