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In the last decade, RNA interferences (RNAi) has proven to be an effective strategy to knock out homologous genes in a wide range of species. Based on its principle, a new generation of vectors containing an inverted target sequence separated by an intron as a loop, developing simplifications to the procedure of RNAi construction are required to improve the(More)
Ran is an evolutionarily conserved eukaryotic GTPase. We previously identified a cDNA of TaRAN1, a novel Ran GTPase homologous gene in wheat (Triticum aestivum) and demonstrated that TaRAN1 is associated with regulation of genome integrity and cell division in yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) systems. However, much less is known about the function of RAN in(More)
Effects of silencing ectopically expressed hSNCA in rat substantia nigra (SN) were examined as a novel therapeutic approach to Parkinson's disease (PD). AAV-hSNCA with or without an AAV harboring a short-hairpin (sh)RNA targeting hSNCA or luciferase was injected into one SN. At 9weeks, hSNCA-expressing rats had reduced SN dopamine (DA) neurons and exhibited(More)
Jasmonic acid (JA) is a well-known defence hormone, but its biological function and mechanism in rice root development are less understood. Here, we describe a JA-induced putative receptor-like protein (OsRLK, AAL87185) functioning in root development in rice. RNA in situ hybridization revealed that the gene was expressed largely in roots, and a fusion(More)
OBJECTIVE To comparatively evaluate selected herbs for their ability to protect neuronal cells from direct betaA(1-42) insult. DESIGN Twenty-seven (27) herbs were selected, extracted with aqueous methanol (90%) and chloroform, and the extracts were evaluated for their ability to protect PC12 rat pheochromocytoma and primary neuronal cells from betaA(1-42)(More)
This paper proposes a vision chip hybrid architecture with dynamically recon gurable processing element (PE) array processor and self-organizing map (SOM) neural network. It integrates a high speed CMOS image sensor, three von Neumann-type processors, and a non-von Neumann-type bio-inspired SOM neural network. The processors consist of a pixel-parallel PE(More)
Transcriptional factor nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) plays a crucial role in human breast cancer cell invasion and metastasis. The carboxyl terminus of Hsc70-interacting protein (CHIP) is a U-box-type ubiquitin ligase that induces ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation of its substrate proteins. In this study, we investigated the role of CHIP in the(More)
A novel lipase gene, lipase A, of Acinetobacter species SY-01 (A. species SY-01) was cloned, sequenced, and expressed in Bacillus subtilis 168. The deduced amino acid (aa) sequences for the lipase A and its chaperone, lipase-specific chaperone, were found to encode mature proteins of 339 aa (37.2 kDa) and 347 aa (38.1 kDa), respectively. The aa sequence of(More)
OBJECTIVE Beclin-1 has recently been observed as an essential marker of autophagy in several cancers. However, the prognostic role of Beclin-1 in colorectal neoplasia remains controversial. Our study aimed to evaluate the potential association between Beclin-1 expression and the outcome of colorectal cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS All related(More)
Lectin plays an important role in defense signaling in plants. A few genes of this family have been cloned. Here we report on a mannose-specific jacalin-related lectin in rice. Using sequence information of wheat gene VER2, which we had previously cloned, we were able to amplify a cDNA of OsJAC1 from Oryza sativa by RT-PCR. The cDNA of OsJAC1 was 1172 bp(More)