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Ran is an evolutionarily conserved eukaryotic GTPase. We previously identified a cDNA of TaRAN1, a novel Ran GTPase homologous gene in wheat (Triticum aestivum) and demonstrated that TaRAN1 is associated with regulation of genome integrity and cell division in yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) systems. However, much less is known about the function of RAN in(More)
A bacterial strain BH072 isolated from a honey sample showed antifungal activity against mold. Based on morphological, biochemical, physiological tests, and analysis of 16S rDNA sequence, the strain was identified to be a new subspecies of Bacillus sp. It had a broad spectrum of antifungal activity against various mold, such as Aspergillus niger, Pythium,(More)
Jasmonic acid (JA) is a well-known defence hormone, but its biological function and mechanism in rice root development are less understood. Here, we describe a JA-induced putative receptor-like protein (OsRLK, AAL87185) functioning in root development in rice. RNA in situ hybridization revealed that the gene was expressed largely in roots, and a fusion(More)
Ion channel trafficking and gating are often influenced by interactions with auxiliary subunits. Tetratricopeptide repeat-containing Rab8b-interacting protein (TRIP8b) is an auxiliary subunit for neuronal hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels. TRIP8b interacts directly with two distinct sites of HCN channel pore-forming subunits(More)
OBJECTIVE To comparatively evaluate selected herbs for their ability to protect neuronal cells from direct betaA(1-42) insult. DESIGN Twenty-seven (27) herbs were selected, extracted with aqueous methanol (90%) and chloroform, and the extracts were evaluated for their ability to protect PC12 rat pheochromocytoma and primary neuronal cells from betaA(1-42)(More)
A novel lipase gene, lipase A, of Acinetobacter species SY-01 (A. species SY-01) was cloned, sequenced, and expressed in Bacillus subtilis 168. The deduced amino acid (aa) sequences for the lipase A and its chaperone, lipase-specific chaperone, were found to encode mature proteins of 339 aa (37.2 kDa) and 347 aa (38.1 kDa), respectively. The aa sequence of(More)
The production and characterization of a bioflocculant, MBF-6, by Klebsiella pneumoniae was investigated. Optimum culture conditions for bioflocculant production were an initial medium pH of 7, an incubation temperature of 30 °C, and an inoculum size of 1% (v/v) of cell density 1.0 × 10(8) cfu/mL. The carbon, nitrogen, and cation sources for optimum(More)
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a prevalent psychiatric condition with limited therapeutic options beyond monoaminergic therapies. Although effective in some individuals, many patients fail to respond adequately to existing treatments, and new pharmacologic targets are needed. Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels regulate(More)
Saturated fatty acids are known to activate macrophages and induce vascular inflammation. Although cytokines from activated macrophage influence other vascular cells, the influence of saturated fatty acids on the paracrine effect of macrophages is not fully understood yet. Here we examined the impact of palmitate on the effect of macrophages on vascular(More)