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The orphan nuclear receptor steroidogenic factor 1 (SF-1, also called Ad4BP and officially designated NR5A1) has emerged as an essential regulator of endocrine development and function. Initially identified as a tissue-specific transcriptional regulator of the cytochrome P450 steroid hydroxylases, SF-1 has considerably broader roles, as evidenced from(More)
Steroidogenic factor 1 (SF-1) plays key roles in adrenal and gonadal development, expression of pituitary gonadotropins, and development of the ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus (VMH). If kept alive by adrenal transplants, global knockout (KO) mice lacking SF-1 exhibit delayed-onset obesity and decreased locomotor activity. To define specific roles of SF-1(More)
Knockout (KO) mice lacking the orphan nuclear receptor steroidogenic factor 1 (SF-1, officially designated Nr5a1) have a compound endocrine phenotype that includes adrenal and gonadal agenesis, impaired expression of pituitary gonadotropins, and structural abnormalities of the ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus. To inactivate a conditional SF-1 allele in the(More)
Müllerian-inhibiting substance (MIS) is an essential factor for male sexual differentiation. In the present study, we examined whether the expression of MIS and several of its related transcription factors is altered in the ovaries of rats treated with the synthetic estrogen, E2 benzoate (EB; 10 microg/0.02 ml), from postnatal day 1 (P1) to P5. The(More)
The shaking rat Kawasaki (SRK) is an autosomal recessive mutant that exhibits reeler-like abnormal locomotor behaviors. The murine reeler mutants arise from several mutations in the specific gene called reelin, which result in defects of Reelin expression or secretion in the cerebral cortex and other regions of CNS. To address the issue of whether the SRK(More)
The ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) is a sexually dimorphic region of the brain related to female reproductive behavior. The effect of estrogen in the adult rat VMH is thought to be mediated predominantly via estrogen receptor (ER)alpha, because this receptor is expressed at considerably higher levels than ER beta. The present study revealed, using in situ(More)
The nuclear receptor steroidogenic factor 1 (SF-1 [officially designated NR5A1]) is essential for fetal gonadal development, but its roles in postnatal ovarian function are less well defined. Herein, we have extended our analyses of knockout (KO) mice with markedly decreased SF-1 expression in granulosa cells. As described, these SF-1 KO mice had(More)
Cyclin E, a member of the G1 cyclins, is essential for the G1/S transition of the cell cycle in cultured cells, but its roles in vivo are not fully defined. The present study characterized the spatiotemporal expression profile of cyclin E in two representative brain regions in the mouse, the cerebral and cerebellar cortices. Western blotting showed that the(More)
To study the effects of gestational exposure to estrogen on early gonadal differentiation, pregnant mice were treated by sc injection of diethylstilbestrol (DES) or vehicle from embryonic day (E) 8.5 to E14.5, and gonads at E11.5, E12.5, and E14.5 were examined. Quantitative real-time RT-PCR and in situ hybridization revealed that mRNA levels of(More)
Aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2) is involved in the final steps of aldosterone biosynthesis and expressed exclusively in the adrenal zona glomerulosa cells. Using an electrophoretic mobility shift assay, we demonstrate that COUP-TFI binds to the -129/-114 element (Ad5) of human CYP11B2 promoter. Transient transfection in H295R adrenal cells demonstrated that(More)