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We have analyzed expression of a gene encoding a brain-specific Na(+)-dependent inorganic phosphate cotransporter (DNPI), which was recently cloned from human brain, in rat forebrain using in situ hybridization. The expression of DNPI mRNA showed a widespread but highly heterogeneous pattern of distribution in the forebrain, where hybridization signals were(More)
The nuclear receptor steroidogenic factor 1 (SF-1) regulates the biosynthesis of the two essential mediators of male sexual differentiation, androgens and Müllerian-inhibiting substance, and is required for adrenal and gonadal development and gonadotropin expression. SF-1 is also expressed in the embryonic ventral diencephalon, subsequently localizing to(More)
reelin has recently been isolated as a candidate gene, the mutation of which gives rise to the reeler phenotype in mice. In this study, we analyzed the expression of reelin during embryonic development in the mouse and in adult mouse tissues, by in situ hybridization. reelin transcripts were present on embryonic day (E) 8.5 in the somite, foregut, yolk sac,(More)
Steroidogenic factor 1 (SF-1) plays key roles in adrenal and gonadal development, expression of pituitary gonadotropins, and development of the ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus (VMH). If kept alive by adrenal transplants, global knockout (KO) mice lacking SF-1 exhibit delayed-onset obesity and decreased locomotor activity. To define specific roles of SF-1(More)
The orphan nuclear receptor steroidogenic factor 1 (SF-1, also called Ad4BP and officially designated NR5A1) has emerged as an essential regulator of endocrine development and function. Initially identified as a tissue-specific transcriptional regulator of the cytochrome P450 steroid hydroxylases, SF-1 has considerably broader roles, as evidenced from(More)
We studied by immunohistochemistry the distribution of differentiation-associated sodium-dependent inorganic phosphate (Pi) cotransporter (DNPI) in the rat forebrain, in comparison with brain-specific cotransporter (BNPI). DNPI-staining was principally seen in axonal synaptic terminals which showed a widespread but discrete pattern of distribution different(More)
The ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) is a sexually dimorphic region of the brain related to female reproductive behavior. The effect of estrogen in the adult rat VMH is thought to be mediated predominantly via estrogen receptor (ER)alpha, because this receptor is expressed at considerably higher levels than ER beta. The present study revealed, using in situ(More)
Steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR) delivers cholesterol to the inner mitochondrial membrane, where the cholesterol side-chain cleavage enzyme carries out the first committed step in steroid hormone biosynthesis. StAR expression is restricted to steroidogenic cells and is rapidly induced by treatment with trophic hormones or cAMP. We analyzed the(More)
The shaking rat Kawasaki (SRK) is an autosomal recessive mutant that exhibits reeler-like abnormal locomotor behaviors. The murine reeler mutants arise from several mutations in the specific gene called reelin, which result in defects of Reelin expression or secretion in the cerebral cortex and other regions of CNS. To address the issue of whether the SRK(More)
Estrogen receptor (ER) beta is a dominant ER subtype in the adult cerebellum. However, it is not known if this is also the case for the developing cerebellum. In the present study, quantitative real-time RT-PCR demonstrated that levels of cerebellar ERalpha mRNA in neonatal pups were significantly higher than in adults. In contrast, expression levels of(More)