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Metformin acts as an energy regulator by activating 5′-adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK), which is a key player in the regulation of energy homeostasis, but it is uncertain whether AMPK is its direct target. This study aims to investigate the possible interaction between metformin and AMPK. First, we verified that metformin can promote(More)
The suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) has emerged as a critical inhibitory molecule for controlling the cytokine response and antigen presentation by dendritic cells (DCs), thereby regulating the magnitude of both innate and adaptive immunity. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the SOCS1 antagonist pJAK2(1001-1013) peptide can weaken(More)
18 Suppressors of cytokine signaling (SOCS) has emerged as a critical inhibitory molecule for 19 controlling the cytokine response and antigen presentation by dendritic cells (DCs), thereby 20 regulating the magnitude of both innate and adaptive immunity. The aim of this study was to 21 investigate whether the SOCS1 antagonist pJAK2(1001–1013) peptide can(More)
HMGB3, an X-linked member of the high-mobility group (HMG) superfamily of HMG proteins, has been shown to affect numerous tumorigenic progression. However, the expression and the prognostic role of HMGB3 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remained unknown. In this study, we examined the HMGB3 expression in ESCC tissues and adjacent nontumorous(More)
The incidence of non‑small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has significantly increased in China, while the prognosis of affected patients is poor. The pathogenesis of NSCLC is thought to be regulated by microRNAs (miRs). The present study used a miR array in order to determine the expression of miR‑361‑5p, which was significantly lower in NSCLC tissues compared(More)
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