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Retrograde transport of proteins from the Golgi to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) has been the subject of some interest in the recent past. Here a new thermosensitive yeast mutant defective in retrieval of dilysine-tagged proteins from the Golgi back to the endoplasmic reticulum was characterized. The ret4-1 mutant also exhibited a selective defect in(More)
Coatomer-mediated sorting of proteins is based on the physical interaction between coatomer (COP1) and targeting motifs found in the cytoplasmic domains of membrane proteins. For example, binding of COP1 to dilysine (KKXX) motifs induces specific retrieval of tagged proteins from the Golgi back to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Making use of the two-hybrid(More)
The amoeba Dictyostelium is a simple genetic system for analyzing substrate adhesion, motility and phagocytosis. A new adhesion-defective mutant named phg2 was isolated in this system, and PHG2 encodes a novel serine/threonine kinase with a ras-binding domain. We compared the phenotype of phg2 null cells to other previously isolated adhesion mutants to(More)
The mechanisms responsible for the targeting of transmembrane integral proteins to the contractile vacuole (CV) network in Dictyostelium discoideum are unknown. Here we show that the transfer of the cytoplasmic domain of a CV-resident protein (Rh50) to a reporter transmembrane protein (CsA) is sufficient to address the chimera (CsA-Rh50) to the CV. We(More)
PtdIns(3,5)P(2) is required for cargo-selective sorting to the vacuolar lumen via the multivesicular body (MVB). Here we show that Ent3p, a yeast epsin N-terminal homology (ENTH) domain-containing protein, is a specific PtdIns(3,5)P(2) effector localized to endosomes. The ENTH domain of Ent3p is essential for its PtdIns(3,5)P(2) binding activity and for its(More)
Adaptor protein complexes (AP) are major components of the cytoplasmic coat found on clathrin-coated vesicles. Here, we report the molecular and functional characterization of Dictyostelium clathrin-associated AP-1 complex, which in mammalian cells, participates mainly in budding of clathrin-coated vesicles from the trans-Golgi network (TGN). The(More)
Phg2 is a ser/thr kinase involved in adhesion, motility, actin cytoskeleton dynamics, and phagocytosis in Dictyostelium cells. In a search for Phg2 domains required for its localization to the plasma membrane, we identified a new domain interacting with phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PI(4,5)P(2)) and phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PI(4)P)(More)
The best described function of the adaptor complex-1 (AP-1) is to participate in the budding of clathrin-coated vesicles from the trans-Golgi network and endosomes. Here, we show that AP-1 is also localized to phagocytic cups in murine macrophages as well as in Dictyostelium amoebae. AP-1 is recruited to phagosomal membranes at this early stage of phagosome(More)
Proteins of the Chediak-Higashi/Beige (BEACH) family have been implicated in the function of lysosomes, as well as in signal transduction, but their molecular role is still poorly understood. In Dictyostelium, at least six members of the family can be identified. Here cells with mutations in two of these genes, LVSA and LVSB, were analyzed. Interestingly(More)
Clathrin-adaptor complexes (APs) are vesicle coat components that participate in cargo selectivity and transport vesicle formation. Here we cloned and characterized apm1, apm3 and apm4 cDNAs encoding AP medium chains (mu) in D. discoideum. Amino acid comparison suggested that predicted proteins were homologous to known mu1, mu3 and mu4 subunits of mammalian(More)