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Bmper, which is orthologous to Drosophila melanogaster crossveinless 2, is a secreted factor that regulates Bmp activity in a tissue- and stage-dependent manner. Both pro- and anti-Bmp activities have been postulated for Bmper, although the molecular mechanisms through which Bmper affects Bmp signaling are unclear. In this paper, we demonstrate that as(More)
Endothelial cells differentiate from mesoderm-derived precursors to initiate the earliest events in vascular development. Although the signaling events that regulate the successive steps of vascular development are known in some detail, the transcriptional processes that regulate the first steps in vasculogenesis are not well defined. We have studied the(More)
AIMS Homeobox (Hox) proteins are transcriptional regulators in embryonic patterning, cell differentiation, proliferation, and migration in vertebrates and invertebrates. A growing body of evidence suggests that Hox proteins are involved in endothelial cell regulation. We have shown earlier that HoxB5 upregulates vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2(More)
The hepatitis B virus (HBV) regulatory protein X (HBx) activates gene expression from the HBV covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) genome. Interaction of HBx with the DDB1-CUL4-ROC1 (CRL4) E3 ligase is critical for this function. Using substrate-trapping proteomics, we identified the structural maintenance of chromosomes (SMC) complex proteins SMC5 and(More)
Induction of molecular chaperones is the characteristic protective response to environmental stress, and is regulated by a transcriptional program that depends on heat shock factor 1 (HSF1), which is normally under negative regulatory control by molecular chaperones Hsp70 and Hsp90. In metazoan species, the chaperone system also provides protection against(More)
The development of endothelial cell precursors is essential for vasculogenesis. We screened for differentially expressed transcripts in endothelial cell precursors in developing mouse embryoid bodies. We cloned a complete cDNA encoding a protein that contains an amino-terminal signal peptide, five cysteine-rich domains, a von Willebrand D domain, and a(More)
We have used global gene expression analysis to establish a comprehensive list of candidate genes in the developing vasculature during embryonic (ES) cell differentiation in vitro. A large set of genes, including growth factors, cell surface molecules, transcriptional factors, and members of several signal transduction pathways that are known to be involved(More)
The ubiquitin ligase CHIP (carboxyl terminus of Hsp70-interacting protein) regulates protein quality control, and CHIP deletion accelerates aging and reduces the life span in mice. Here, we reveal a mechanism for CHIP's influence on longevity by demonstrating that CHIP stabilizes the sirtuin family member SirT6, a lysine deacetylase/ADP ribosylase involved(More)
The molecular mechanisms of endothelial differentiation into a functional vascular network are incompletely understood. To identify novel factors in endothelial development, we used a microarray screen with differentiating embryonic stem (ES) cells that identified the gene for ankyrin repeat and SOCS box protein 4 (ASB4) as the most highly differentially(More)
The mechanisms that regulate the differentiation program of multipotential stem cells remain poorly understood. In order to define the cues that delineate endothelial commitment from precursors, we screened for candidate regulatory genes in differentiating mouse embryoid bodies. We found that the PR/SET domain protein, PRDM6, is enriched in flk1(+)(More)