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UNLABELLED The prevailing theory in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the "two-hit" hypothesis. The first hit mainly consists of lipid accumulation, and the second is subsequent systemic inflammation. The current study was undertaken to investigate whether inflammatory stress exacerbates lipid accumulation in liver and its underlying mechanisms.(More)
The prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) increases with increasing body mass index (BMI). However, approximately 40-50% of obese adults do not develop hepatic steatosis. The level of inflammatory biomarkers is higher in obese subjects with NAFLD compared to BMI-matched subjects without hepatic steatosis. We used a casein injection in(More)
LDL receptor (LDLr) is widely expressed in both liver and peripheral tissue. We aimed to clarify tissue-specific regulation of LDLr in hepatic cell line (HepG2) cells and human kidney mesangial cells (HMCs) under physiological and inflammatory conditions. We have demonstrated that the concentration of LDL required for 50% inhibition of LDLr mRNA expression(More)
Both lipids and inflammation play important roles in the progression of kidney disease. This study was designed to investigate whether inflammation exacerbates lipid accumulation via LDL receptors (LDLr), thereby causing renal injury in C57BL/6J mice, apolipoprotein E (ApoE) knockout (KO) mice, and ApoE/CD36/scavenger receptor A triple KO mice. The mice(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Cholesterol accumulation plays an important role in the progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. We have demonstrated that inflammation aggravated cholesterol accumulation, causing tissue injury in the vessel and kidney. This study was undertaken to investigate whether inflammatory stress exacerbates hepatic cholesterol(More)
To investigate if inflammatory stress increases intracellular accumulation of unmodified low-density lipoprotein (LDL) in human monocyte cell line (THP-1) macrophages by disrupting the sterol regulatory element binding proteins (SREBPs) cleavage-activating protein (SCAP)-SREBP2-mediated feedback regulation of LDL receptor. THP-1 macrophages were incubated(More)
Obesity and osteoporosis are two common chronic diseases, however, the basis for the correlation between them remains largely unknown. The pro-inflammation cytokine tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) plays important roles in lipid and bone metabolisms, which may be a good candidate in the correlation between obesity and osteoporosis. We investigated the(More)
BACKGROUND MicroRNAs play key roles in regulating cholesterol homeostasis. Here, we investigated the role of microRNA-101 (miR-101) in regulating ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) expression and cholesterol efflux under non-inflammatory and inflammatory conditions in human THP-1-derived macrophages and HepG2 hepatoblastoma cells. METHODS The(More)
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) is one of the causative factors of diabetic nephropathy, which is associated with lipid accumulation in glomeruli. This study was designed to investigate whether N(ε)-(carboxymethyl) lysine (CML; a member of the AGEs family) increases lipid accumulation by impairing the function of sterol-regulatory element binding(More)
This study aimed to characterize the relationship between inflammation and lipid accumulation in children with primary nephrotic syndrome (PNS). Local expression of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLr), sterol regulatory element binding protein-2 (SREBP-2), SREBP cleavage-activating protein(More)