Yawei Tong

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Excess manganese (Mn) in brain can be neurotoxic, implicated in several neurodegenerative disorders such as sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, little is known about the altered metal environment including elevated Mn in the progressive cognitive impairment of AD. Indeed, whether high Mn is associated with AD risk remains elusive. In the study, we(More)
Loss of heterozygosity occurring on various chromosomes has been described in the majority of human tumors. The targets of frequent or consistent subchromosomal deletions are believed to be tumor suppressor genes. We examined 72 esophageal tumors (46 squamous cell carcinomas and 26 adenocarcinomas) for loss of heterozygosity at the p53, Rb, APC, MCC, and(More)
Allelic deletions of tumor suppressor genes have been observed frequently in a variety of human tumors. These losses are believed to contribute to the development of human cancer. Three of the most frequently deleted chromosomal loci contain the tumor suppressor genes p53, retinoblastoma (Rb), and mcc/apc. In order to detect loss of heterozygosity (LOH)(More)
Variants of dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR), which confer resistance to antifolates, are used as dominant selectable markers in vitro and in vivo and may be useful in the context of gene therapy. To identify improved mutant human DHFRs with increased catalytic efficiency and decreased binding to methotrexate, we constructed by site-directed mutagenesis four(More)
Cremophor (Crem) EL, the vehicle for intravenous delivery of cyclosporin A (CsA), has been reported to counteract multidrug resistance (MDR) in P-glycoprotein (Pgp)-over-expressing cell lines. Because of this, we sought to determine whether Crem functions independently as a modulator of MDR in blast cells obtained from acute myelogenous leukemia (AML)(More)
We have characterised an etoposide-resistant subline of the small-cell lung cancer cell line, UMCC-1, derived at our centre. Subline UMCC-1/VP was developed by culturing the parent line in increasing concentrations of etoposide over 16 months. UMCC-1/VP is 20-fold resistant to etoposide by MTT assays, relative to the parent line, and is cross-resistant to(More)
Surgical stress induced depression and anxiety like behavior are common complications among aged individuals suffering from surgery. Recent studies proposed that accumulation of oxidative stress is involved in the etiology of stress induced depression and anxiety. Dapsone possesses antioxidant properties, however, whether dapsone is effective in modulating(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1 is the key transcriptional activator mediating both adaptive and pathological responses to hypoxia. The purpose of this study was to find the role of HIF-1 in regulating neprilysin (NEP) at the early stage of hypoxia and explore the underlying mechanism. In this study, we demonstrated that both NEP mRNA and protein levels in(More)
Phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) is a widely expressed lipid transfer protein participating in the transport of cholesterol and other lipids in the plasma and peripheral tissues. Recently, elevated amyloid β (Aβ) in young and aged PLTP-deficient brains had been reported. However, the role of PLTP in amyloid precursor protein (APP) processing and(More)
Background The Arp2/3 complex is a seven-protein assembly that is critical for actin nucleation and branching in cells. Although some DNA methylation patterns are altered by steroid hormone exposure in the developing brain, less is known about how changes in steroid hormone levels influence Arp2/3 complex DNA methylation patterns in the adult brain. Steroid(More)
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