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We present a continuous-flow active micromixer based on channel-wall deflection in a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) chip for volume flows in the range up to 2 μL s −1 which is intended as a novel unit operation for the microfluidic Braille pin actuated platform. The chip design comprises a main microchannel connected to a series of side channels with dead ends(More)
This protocol describes the dynamic measurement of chloride ions using the transition time of a silver silver chloride (Ag/AgCl) electrode. Silver silver chloride electrode is used extensively for potentiometric measurement of chloride ions concentration in electrolyte. In this measurement, long-term and continuous monitoring is limited due to the inherent(More)
Ion selective electrodes (ISE) are used extensively for the potentiometric determination of ion concentrations in electrolytes. However, the inherent drift in these measurements and the requirement of a stable reference electrode restrict the feasibility of this method for long-term in-situ applications. This work presents a chronopotentiometric approach to(More)
Chloride is a crucial anion for various analytical applications from biological to environmental applications. In order to measure the chloride ion concentration, a measurement system is needed which can detect this concentration for prolonged times reliably. Chronopotentiometry is a technique which does not need a long term stable reference electrode and(More)
The fabrication of 3 x 3 crossbar arrays measuring 20 μm in width was demonstrated. The bipolar resistive switching characteristics in manganese oxide nanoparticles were investigated in the crossbar structure of top electrode (Au)/nanoparticle assembly/bottom electrode (Ti) on SiO2/Si substrate. The monodisperse manganese oxide nanoparticles measuring 13 nm(More)
The fabrication of hybrid structure with TiO2 nanoparticle assembly and Ta2O5 thin film layer was demonstrated. The close-packed nanoparticles could influence the resistive switching behaviors due to the huge numbers of interface states and vacancies in the nanoparticle assembly. The device with hybrid structure presented the typical bipolar resistive(More)
Title: In-situ measurement of chloride ion concentration in concrete Cover: Inspection of the Nijkerk bridge, The Netherlands, during the IS2C workshop (www.is2c.nl). who has been an inspiration during my academic and research career " Scientific thought and its creation is the common and shared heritage of mankind " " You cannot escape knowledge; Science(More)
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