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Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous disease characterized by the degeneration of lower motor neurons. The most frequent form is linked to mutations in SMN1. Childhood SMA associated with progressive myoclonic epilepsy (SMA-PME) has been reported as a rare autosomal-recessive condition unlinked to mutations in SMN1.(More)
We present the case of an unusually located intracranial lipoma in a 17-year-old patient with partial epilepsy who was being controlled with medication. The lipoma was located deep in the left sylvian fissure, in the inferior parietal lobule, associated with cortical dysplasia of the surrounding supramarginal gyrus. Abnormal vasculature was detected(More)
OBJECTIVE This retrospective follow-up study was performed to evaluate the suitability of the recently reported exchange transfusion limits (serum indirect bilirubin level of 428-496 mumol/1, 25-29 mg/dl) for Turkey. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study groups totalled 102 children, 8-13 years of age, who had been born at term with birthweights greater than(More)
PURPOSE To define various cranial MR appearances in Wilson's disease (WD). MATERIAL AND METHODS MR examinations of 30 patients (9-44 years old) with WD were retrospectively reviewed. Six patients were asymptomatic siblings. Three other patients had isolated hepatic involvement, one with no symptoms. The remaining 21 patients had neurological involvement,(More)
Neurophysiological studies were conducted in 42 patients with classical phenylketonuria. The results of the intelligence quotient scores, electroencephalogram, visual evoked potentials and brain-stem auditory evoked potentials were evaluated. When compared with the controls, the subjects demonstrated a significant prolongation in VEP P1 and BAEP I-V(More)
Congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD) is a heterogeneous group of disorders which is associated with more or less degrees of cerebral involvement. There are four separate entities within CMD nosology. Among these Fukuyama's CMD (FCMD) is highly prevalent in Japan, whereas the classic form with normal or subnormal intelligence, also known as the occidental(More)
The dystrophin gene deletion patterns of Duchenne/Becker dystrophy were investigated in 57 DMD, 7 BMD and 1 DMD-BMD intermediate muscular dystrophy patients. Deletions, analyzed by multiplex amplification of selected exons, were observed in 58% (38 cases) of the patients. It was found that exon 48 was the most frequently affected, while exon 44 was the(More)
The factor V Leiden mutation in 12-children with thrombosis and in 20 controls was investigated. Five heterozygous individuals and 1 homozygous individual among the cases with thrombosis and 1 heterozygous individual among controls were found. Central nervous system thromboses were increased in children with the factor V mutation, associated with protein S(More)